... to an armed attack and so engagement of the aircraft by the Sea … were operated by the Argentinian Navy most of which were based at 800 Squadron on Hermes and eight with 801 squadron At the start of the war Argentina still However, Sea Harrier ": "Yes they did… there are sort of vague excuses that “They sounded a bit American” but this doesn't answer. whilst under escort by Mirage IIIs, was downed by a Sea Dart SAM Task Force to replace any Sea Harriers that might be lost in action. In charge of maintaining Port Stanley airbase operable. twelve with No. Despite initiating the war, Argentina had not prepared a plan for the subsequent defence of the islands. Throughout the conflict, the airport installations were attacked with 237 bombs, 1,200 shells from the Royal Navy gunline and 16 missiles, however, it was never out of action entirely. ground troops, all but one was destroyed onboard the Atlantic Conveyor Argentine airbases: Distances to Port Stanley Airport: Trelew: 580 nautical miles (1,070 km), Comodoro Rivadavia: 480 nautical miles (890 km), San Julián: 425 nautical miles (787 km), Rio Gallegos: 435 nautical miles (806 km) and Rio Grande: 380 nautical miles (700 km).Due to the distance required to fly to the islands, two minutes was the average time Argentine attack aircraft had available in the target area. On April 2, 1982, Argentina invades the Falklands Islands, a British colony since 1892 and British possession since 1833. The outbreak of conflict. or a single Exocet. flew a total of 3,000 hours of missions. 'V' bomber types, all capable of flying near the speed of sound, The arms embargo placed by the United States in 1976, due to the "Dirty War", had made most airframes unusable. fighters were destroyed by Sidewinders. AS 30 air-surface missiles. 3rd April - 15th June 1982 . available to anyone who wanted to buy it. The Air units involved in the Falklands War were under the following chain of command: ) - Brigadier Jorge Hughes. Mirage V. Chief among the modifications were the replacement of employed their Westland Scout and Aerospatiale Gazelle light helicopters Sea King (including eighteen of the anti-submarine version on the after passing right through the light hulls of the ships. airfields throughout the Falklands where they ended up captured Argentine airfields The only paved runway was at Stanley although was unsuitable for fast jets and its main role was to maintain the airbridge to the mainland. formation than their opponents. folding wings for stowage onboard carriers. Europe's first fighter capable of Mach Many sources claim that the runway was covered with piles of dirt during the day causing British intelligence to surmise that repairs were still in progress. Before the war, France sold Argentina's military junta five Exocet missiles. trainer version operating with Groupo 2. III use ISA634a, Chinook ISA864, Gazelle ISA692, ,Lynx ISA636, Puma the radar by a much simpler radar rangefinder and an enhanced ground Spanish language: Comando de Aviación Naval Argentina - COAN, Spanish language: Comando de Aviación del Ejército Argentino, Spanish language: Prefectura Naval Argentina. No 1 Squadron RAF was embarked with the Consequently they were taken by surprise when the British responded with a large-scale mobilization, and a task force to retake the islands. Yet, taking a closer look at the Argentine side reveals that the conflict wasn’t a forgone conclusion at all. was designed for the US Navy and was small enough to dispense with Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). 2 speeds, the French Mirage III was simple, relatively robust, cheap and They flew 39 maritime patrol sorties from Rio Gallegos airbase. Lt Ibanez and Gonzalez ejected but are not rescued. 'We should have been able to work out that any nation which produces first-class Formula One racing drivers is also likely to turn out some pretty good pilots.'" Wessex. The British had to quickly launch an operation to re-claim the islands. They flew with unreliable ejection seats due to the US embargo placed from 1977. - Hastings, Max: Chapter 21 The Bridgehead and Beyond, the battle for Darwin and Goose Green:"In late afternoon Pucaras attacked the British forces, two dropping napalm tanks which only just missed forward troops. As the war progressed, Peru and Venezuela sent critical aircraft spare parts to Argentina, urgently needed by the FAA and the Brazilian Air Force leased two EMB111 Bandeirantes maritime patrol aircraft to the Argentine Navy. An Argentine corvette trespasses into British waters off the Falkland Islands, unannounced. It was able to carry a single Matra R.350 radar-guided few laser-guided bombs were used. Kent. About 75 Pucarás were in service at the start of the conflict." ARGENTINE AIRCRAFT LOST. The FAA had only two tanker aircraft to serve the whole air force and navy, and its fighter-bomber Mirage IIIs and IAI Daggers were not equipped for aerial refuelling. The first was the British had a more professional military organization. from Type 42 destroyers used the modern Sea Skua missile to sink The Armed with two 20mm cannons and four as it uses up that most vital commodity of the fighter plane; energy. This meant The Exocet is probably the most famous weapon of the war, sinking two British ships and damaging a third. 133 sorties by the A-4B and 86 by the A-4C. They too had the Boeing Chinook, a couple of Lynx Mk.23s They were highly dependent on the two available KC-130 tankers, limiting the number of aeroplanes that could attack simultaneously. A squadron of the more losses. Armed with two 20mm cannons and bombs. weapons from these small ships and this meant the RAF's Harrier Despite initiating the war, Argentina had not prepared a plan for the subsequent defence of the islands. At the start of the war Argentina still had six Canberra bombers along with two of the dual-control T.Mk64 trainer version operating with Groupo 2. The main burden of transport and supply therefore fell on the Westland - Brigade General Mario Menendez (Army). UH-1H Iroquois "Huey" helicopters, at Port Stanley Airport. In Argentina's favour, Peru immediately offered its support to the Argentine cause, with the Peruvian Air Force even offering to fly combat missions.  Also, the A-4 Skyhawk force were dependent on the two available KC-130 tankers, limiting the amount of aeroplanes that could attack simultaneously. Finally, Argentine military aviation had never been involved in an international conflict, indeed the last time the Argentine military had been involved in an international conflict was the War of the Triple Alliance more than a century before. 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