He was murdered on the palace steps in Khartoum. However, ill health forced him to resign and return to England in 1880 before travelling once more to places including India, China and South Africa. MajorGeneral Charles George Gordon also known as Chinese Gordon Gordon Pasha and Gordon of Khartoum was a British army officer and administrator General Gordon's Last Stand after painting by George W Joy 1885 Gordon about to be attacked by warriors of … In May 1862 Gordon's corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Khartoum definition, a city in and the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the White and Blue Nile rivers: besieged 1885; retaken by the British 1898. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. During the next 18 months Gordon’s troops played an important, though not a crucial, role in suppressing the Taiping uprising. Corrections? He wrote a biography of Peter the Great. welcome to khartoum house As a staff we continue to lead from the front and this approach means ensuring we are also doing above and beyond to create a friendly and safe environment. In Equatoria, from April 1874 to December 1876, Gordon mapped the upper Nile River and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present-day Uganda. During the Crimean War (1853–56) he Gordon's heroics have also been drawn on in the 2005 novel The Triumph of the Sun by Wilbur Smith. Gordon of Khartoum. BBC 1982 - Produced by Malcolm Brown (1930-2017), Narrated by Robert Hardy (1925-2017) Khartoum (1966) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. General Gordon died while trying to save Khartoum from fire and sword in 1885, Later, he obtained the same reputation as he commanded in battle Chinese, Egyptian, and African (but never British) troops, to become a British military hero. Gordon arrived at Khartoum on 18 February 1884, but instead of organising the evacuation of the garrisons, set about administering the city. A sober statue stance of a charitable man located in Victoria Embankment Gardens/Whitehall Gardens, the statue of Major General Charles George Gordon is located in the Victoria Embankment Gardens, which is the garden towards Westminster Pier. Gordon of Khartoum, Kitchener, Cecil Rhodes, Baden-Powell, Lawrence of Arabia, I don't think any of them would feel at home in the "LGBT community", but I'm pretty sure that there's not a … Read more. By contrast, Gordon is one of the four subjects di… Gordon established his ascendancy over this vast area, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. In May 1862 Gordon’s corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the bulwarks of the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. Reappointed governor-general, Gordon arrived in Khartoum in February. However, some biographers, such as the noted Lytton Strachey, have suggested that Gordon, in defiance of his government’s orders, had deliberately refused to evacuate Khartoum, even though evacuation was still possible until late in the siege. Read more. However, historians have since suggested that Gordon defied orders and refused to evacuate Khartoum even though it remained possible until late in the siege. He was then promoted to governor general, where he asserted his authority, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. Thomas Gordon (d.1741) was an Admiral in the Russian Navy and became Governor of Kronstadt. Charles George Gordon on Wikipedia: Charles George Gordon works on Wikisource: Suggest an edit or a new quote: British Engineer Quotes. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Charlton Heston played Gordon in the 1966 epic film Khartoum, which deals with the siege of Khartoum. Major-General Gordon was lionised as a British war hero after his death at the end of the Siege of Khartoum in January 1885. General Charles Gordon © British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. After a brief stay in England, he resumed service under the khedive as governor-general of the Sudan. In early 1884, Major General Charles "Chinese" Gordon arrived to take command of British and Egyptian forces in Khartoum. Gordon, known to defy orders, is received well in the city of Khartoum -- so instead of acting as an ambassador, he motivates the city to prepare its defenses. This is a biography of one of the most colorful soldiers who ever lived - "Chinese Gordon," known later as "Gordon of Khartoum," who died a martyr's death during the siege of Khartoum in the Sudan in 1885. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. During the next 18 months Gordon's troops played an important role in suppressing the Taiping uprising. Gordon's brother, Sir Henry Gordon, advised Thornycroft to minimise the military character of the statue, and emphasis Gordons qualities of strength of mind, love, kindness and affection. After being refused British support, Gordon was killed and the city was lost to the Mahdists. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Major General Gordon on his way to Khartoum, apparently, and by today’s standards an offensive depiction, to say the least. Gordon, Charles George, 1833–85, British soldier and administrator. Genealogy profile for Maj.-Gen. Charles Gordon, of Khartoum. Charles Gordon (1833-85) was Governor of the Sudan. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Charles George Gordon, British general who became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against the Mahdists. General Charles Gordon This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled.  © Charles Gordon and his garrison at Khartoum (. However… Gordon is regarded by some historians as one of Britain's greatest military leaders, and by others as charismatic, yet quixotic and impulsive. He returned in January 1865 to England, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him “Chinese Gordon.” For the next five years he was commander of the Royal Engineers at Gravesend, Kent; he spent his spare time developing his own unorthodox, mystical brand of Christianity and engaging in philanthropic activity among poor youths. Genealogy for Maj.-Gen. Charles George Gordon, CB (1833 - 1885) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. He was promoted to captain in 1859 and volunteered the following year to join the British forces that were fighting the Chinese in the “Arrow” War. The British public reacted to his death by acclaiming “Gordon of Khartoum” a martyred warrior-saint and by blaming the government for failure to relieve the siege. He is the subject of several biographies, and was portrayed by actor Charlton Heston, opposite Sir Laurence Olivier as The Mahdi, in the 1966 movie "Khartoum."

GORDON OF KHARTOUM: THE GREATEST DESERT WARFARE SAGA OF ALL TIME
by CHARRIER PAUL

Pages can have notes/highlighting. Though tasked with extracting his command from the area before Mahdist rebels arrived, he elected to defend the city. Born in London in 1833 and killed at Khartoum in 1885, General Charles George Gordon is, undoubtedly, one of Britain’s greatest military heroes. Many biographies have been written of Gordon, most of them of a highly hagiographic nature. Gordon School, as it now is, was founded by public subscription in 1885 as a national memorial to Gordon of Khartoum. Places of Interest: Huntly Castle, Huntly, Aberdeenshire. Omissions? The 2008 novel After Omdurmanby John Ferry deals with the reconquest of the Sudan and highlights how the Anglo-Egyptian army was driven to avenge Gordon's death. The British public reacted to his death by acclaiming 'Gordon of Khartoum', who had had a strong Christian faith, a martyred warrior-saint and by blaming the government, particularly William Gladstone, for failing to relieve the siege. In 1873, he was appointed governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. In the Sudan, in 1884 to 1885, Egyptian forces led by British General Charles "Chinese" Gordon (Charlton Heston) defend Khartoum against an invading Muslim Army led by a religious fanatic, Mohammed Ahmed el Mahdi (Sir Laurence Olivier). Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. Background. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-George-Gordon, The Victorian Web - Biography of Charles George Gordon, Heritage History - Biography of Charles Gordon, Charles George Gordon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). See more. Khartoum came under siege a month later, and on Jan. 26, 1885, the Mahdists broke into the city and killed Gordon and the other defenders. Spine may show signs of wear. Gordon seems to have been the most active in August and September, when the Nile was high. Khartoum is a 1966 British epic war film written by Robert Ardrey and directed by Basil Dearden.It stars Charlton Heston as British Gen. Charles "Chinese" Gordon and Laurence Olivier as Muhammad Ahmed (a Sudanese leader whose devotees proclaimed him the Mahdi), with a supporting cast that includes Richard Johnson and Ralph Richardson. A steamer which bore a rough effigy of Gordon at the prow was said to be particularly dreaded by the rebels. Charles Gordon was born on 28 January 1833, the son of a senior army officer. Produced by the Fanfare Press this … Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. In 1873 the khedive Ismāʿīl Pasha of Egypt, who regularly employed Europeans, appointed Gordon governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. He returned to England in January 1865, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him 'Chinese Gordon'. The Khartoum House staff continue to be fantastic and all of the boys and parents respect and appreciate their hard work, as I also do. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. Khartoum came under siege the next month and on 26 January 1885 the rebels broke into the city, killing Gordon (apparently against al-Mahdi's instructions) and the other defenders. Gordon's plight excited great concern in the British press, and even Queen Victoria intervened on his behalf. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. ~ ThriftBooks: Read More, Spend Less

He was present at the occupation of Beijing (October 1860) and personally directed the burning of the Chinese emperor’s summer palace. Bio: Major General Charles George Gordon, also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator. Siege of Khartoum (March 13, 1884–January 26, 1885), military blockade of the capital of the Sudan by the Mahdists. He had eight thousand men at Khartoum and Senaar. He served in the Crimean War, went to China in the expedition of 1860, taking part in the capture of Beijing, and in 1863 took over the command of F. T. Ward Ward, Frederick Townsend, 1831–62, American adventurer, b. When Gordon awoke to find that, through the treachery of his Egyptian lieutenant, Khartoum was in the hands of the Mahdi, he set out with a few followers for the Austrian consulate. He sent Colonel Stewart and the troops with the steamers to recapture Berber. Ill health forced him to resign and return to England in 1880; over the next two years he served in India, China, Mauritius, and Cape Colony (in Southern Africa). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. During the Crimean War (1853–56) he distinguished himself by his reckless bravery in the siege trenches outside Sevastopol. A year later he became commander of the 3,500-man peasant force raised to defend the city. << Gladstone and the Irish Question - Lord Gordon of Khartoum - Gladstone and Electoral Reform >> Egypt Two months after the Phoenix Park murder England was awakened to the existence of complications in another region by the bombardment of Alexandria. General Gordon's last stand after the siege of Khartoum 11 February 1885: For hours the best part of the town was the scene of a merciless massacre. Khartoum or Khartum (/ k ɑːr ˈ t uː m / kar-TOOM; Arabic: الخرطوم ‎, romanized: Al-Khurṭūm) is the capital of Sudan.With a population of 5,274,321, its metropolitan area is the largest in Sudan. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Sudan: Ismāʿīl Pasha and the growth of European influence. Charles George Gordon, byname Chinese Gordon, (born Jan. 28, 1833, Woolwich, near London, Eng.—died Jan. 26, 1885, Khartoum, Sudan), British general who became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against the Mahdists. Between April 1874 and December 1876 he mapped the upper Nile and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present day Uganda. Reviewed October 26, 2016 . Khartoum is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. A year later he became commander of the 3,500-man peasant force, known as the “Ever-Victorious Army,” raised to defend the city. He distinguished himself in the Crimean War (1853 - 1856) and in 1860 volunteered for the 'Arrow' war against the Chinese. The government ordered him to return, but Gordon refused, saying he was honour-bound to defend the city. In February 1884 Gordon returned to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum threatened by Sudanese rebels led by Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi. …Equatoria province to another Englishman. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The British relief force arrived two days later. He was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1852. Updates? In 1884 Gordon was again sent to the Sudan by the British government to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum, which was threatened by the Mahdists, followers of Muḥammad Aḥmad al-Mahdī. A distinguished soldier, he saw active service in many campaigns including the Crimean War and the Taiping Rebellion in China. By July 1884, Gladstone reluctantly agreed to send an expedition to Khartoum. … Review of Charles George Gordon Statue. The city was defended by an Egyptian garrison under British General Charles Gordon. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. The statue was made in 1887-88.

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