During the Crimean War (1853–56) he distinguished himself by his reckless bravery in the siege trenches outside Sevastopol. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Khartoum definition, a city in and the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the White and Blue Nile rivers: besieged 1885; retaken by the British 1898. The statue was made in 1887-88. Charles George Gordon, byname Chinese Gordon, (born Jan. 28, 1833, Woolwich, near London, Eng.—died Jan. 26, 1885, Khartoum, Sudan), British general who became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against the Mahdists. The British public reacted to his death by acclaiming “Gordon of Khartoum” a martyred warrior-saint and by blaming the government for failure to relieve the siege. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. ~ ThriftBooks: Read More, Spend Less

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Khartoum came under siege the next month and on 26 January 1885 the rebels broke into the city, killing Gordon (apparently against al-Mahdi's instructions) and the other defenders. General Gordon died while trying to save Khartoum from fire and sword in 1885, Later, he obtained the same reputation as he commanded in battle Chinese, Egyptian, and African (but never British) troops, to become a British military hero. MajorGeneral Charles George Gordon also known as Chinese Gordon Gordon Pasha and Gordon of Khartoum was a British army officer and administrator General Gordon's Last Stand after painting by George W Joy 1885 Gordon about to be attacked by warriors of … In May 1862 Gordon’s corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the bulwarks of the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. Born in London in 1833 and killed at Khartoum in 1885, General Charles George Gordon is, undoubtedly, one of Britain’s greatest military heroes. Khartoum came under siege a month later, and on Jan. 26, 1885, the Mahdists broke into the city and killed Gordon and the other defenders. << Gladstone and the Irish Question - Lord Gordon of Khartoum - Gladstone and Electoral Reform >> Egypt Two months after the Phoenix Park murder England was awakened to the existence of complications in another region by the bombardment of Alexandria. After a brief stay in England, he resumed service under the khedive as governor-general of the Sudan. A year later he became commander of the 3,500-man peasant force raised to defend the city. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. Genealogy profile for Maj.-Gen. Charles Gordon, of Khartoum. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Gordon's plight excited great concern in the British press, and even Queen Victoria intervened on his behalf. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-George-Gordon, The Victorian Web - Biography of Charles George Gordon, Heritage History - Biography of Charles Gordon, Charles George Gordon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Charlton Heston played Gordon in the 1966 epic film Khartoum, which deals with the siege of Khartoum. Gordon's heroics have also been drawn on in the 2005 novel The Triumph of the Sun by Wilbur Smith. He had eight thousand men at Khartoum and Senaar. However, historians have since suggested that Gordon defied orders and refused to evacuate Khartoum even though it remained possible until late in the siege. This is a biography of one of the most colorful soldiers who ever lived - "Chinese Gordon," known later as "Gordon of Khartoum," who died a martyr's death during the siege of Khartoum in the Sudan in 1885. The government ordered him to return, but Gordon refused, saying he was honour-bound to defend the city. He distinguished himself in the Crimean War (1853 - 1856) and in 1860 volunteered for the 'Arrow' war against the Chinese. See more. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A year later he became commander of the 3,500-man peasant force, known as the “Ever-Victorious Army,” raised to defend the city. Genealogy for Maj.-Gen. Charles George Gordon, CB (1833 - 1885) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. The city was defended by an Egyptian garrison under British General Charles Gordon. …Equatoria province to another Englishman. Gordon of Khartoum. Gordon, known to defy orders, is received well in the city of Khartoum -- so instead of acting as an ambassador, he motivates the city to prepare its defenses. A steamer which bore a rough effigy of Gordon at the prow was said to be particularly dreaded by the rebels. Omissions? Reviewed October 26, 2016 . Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. He was present at the occupation of Beijing (October 1860) and personally directed the burning of the Chinese emperor’s summer palace. He was murdered on the palace steps in Khartoum. Between April 1874 and December 1876 he mapped the upper Nile and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present day Uganda. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Sudan: Ismāʿīl Pasha and the growth of European influence. The 2008 novel After Omdurmanby John Ferry deals with the reconquest of the Sudan and highlights how the Anglo-Egyptian army was driven to avenge Gordon's death. Background. He wrote a biography of Peter the Great. However, some biographers, such as the noted Lytton Strachey, have suggested that Gordon, in defiance of his government’s orders, had deliberately refused to evacuate Khartoum, even though evacuation was still possible until late in the siege. BBC 1982 - Produced by Malcolm Brown (1930-2017), Narrated by Robert Hardy (1925-2017) Gordon established his ascendancy over this vast area, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. Thomas Gordon (d.1741) was an Admiral in the Russian Navy and became Governor of Kronstadt. He returned in January 1865 to England, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him “Chinese Gordon.” For the next five years he was commander of the Royal Engineers at Gravesend, Kent; he spent his spare time developing his own unorthodox, mystical brand of Christianity and engaging in philanthropic activity among poor youths. … Bio: Major General Charles George Gordon, also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The British relief force arrived two days later. Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. However… In 1873 the khedive Ismāʿīl Pasha of Egypt, who regularly employed Europeans, appointed Gordon governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. Updates? By July 1884, Gladstone reluctantly agreed to send an expedition to Khartoum. The Khartoum House staff continue to be fantastic and all of the boys and parents respect and appreciate their hard work, as I also do. In 1884 Gordon was again sent to the Sudan by the British government to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum, which was threatened by the Mahdists, followers of Muḥammad Aḥmad al-Mahdī. The British public reacted to his death by acclaiming 'Gordon of Khartoum', who had had a strong Christian faith, a martyred warrior-saint and by blaming the government, particularly William Gladstone, for failing to relieve the siege. General Charles Gordon He served in the Crimean War, went to China in the expedition of 1860, taking part in the capture of Beijing, and in 1863 took over the command of F. T. Ward Ward, Frederick Townsend, 1831–62, American adventurer, b. Khartoum (1966) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. However, ill health forced him to resign and return to England in 1880 before travelling once more to places including India, China and South Africa. He was then promoted to governor general, where he asserted his authority, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. Read more. Siege of Khartoum (March 13, 1884–January 26, 1885), military blockade of the capital of the Sudan by the Mahdists. After being refused British support, Gordon was killed and the city was lost to the Mahdists. Charles Gordon and his garrison at Khartoum (. Corrections? Review of Charles George Gordon Statue. By contrast, Gordon is one of the four subjects di… Spine may show signs of wear. Gordon arrived at Khartoum on 18 February 1884, but instead of organising the evacuation of the garrisons, set about administering the city. General Gordon's last stand after the siege of Khartoum 11 February 1885: For hours the best part of the town was the scene of a merciless massacre. He returned to England in January 1865, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him 'Chinese Gordon'. In 1873, he was appointed governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. Major-General Gordon was lionised as a British war hero after his death at the end of the Siege of Khartoum in January 1885. Khartoum or Khartum (/ k ɑːr ˈ t uː m / kar-TOOM; Arabic: الخرطوم ‎, romanized: Al-Khurṭūm) is the capital of Sudan.With a population of 5,274,321, its metropolitan area is the largest in Sudan. Reappointed governor-general, Gordon arrived in Khartoum in February. welcome to khartoum house As a staff we continue to lead from the front and this approach means ensuring we are also doing above and beyond to create a friendly and safe environment. He was promoted to captain in 1859 and volunteered the following year to join the British forces that were fighting the Chinese in the “Arrow” War. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In early 1884, Major General Charles "Chinese" Gordon arrived to take command of British and Egyptian forces in Khartoum. Gordon is regarded by some historians as one of Britain's greatest military leaders, and by others as charismatic, yet quixotic and impulsive. A distinguished soldier, he saw active service in many campaigns including the Crimean War and the Taiping Rebellion in China. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Gordon's brother, Sir Henry Gordon, advised Thornycroft to minimise the military character of the statue, and emphasis Gordons qualities of strength of mind, love, kindness and affection. British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. Places of Interest: Huntly Castle, Huntly, Aberdeenshire. General Charles Gordon © British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. Gordon seems to have been the most active in August and September, when the Nile was high. A sober statue stance of a charitable man located in Victoria Embankment Gardens/Whitehall Gardens, the statue of Major General Charles George Gordon is located in the Victoria Embankment Gardens, which is the garden towards Westminster Pier. Gordon School, as it now is, was founded by public subscription in 1885 as a national memorial to Gordon of Khartoum. During the next 18 months Gordon’s troops played an important, though not a crucial, role in suppressing the Taiping uprising. Gordon, Charles George, 1833–85, British soldier and administrator. In February 1884 Gordon returned to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum threatened by Sudanese rebels led by Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi. When Gordon awoke to find that, through the treachery of his Egyptian lieutenant, Khartoum was in the hands of the Mahdi, he set out with a few followers for the Austrian consulate. Khartoum is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Khartoum is a 1966 British epic war film written by Robert Ardrey and directed by Basil Dearden.It stars Charlton Heston as British Gen. 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