Importance Of Animal Physiology . 56. Then in the duodenum it is carried out by the action of trypsin, chymotrypsin and carboxypeptidases. (b): Bile contains no enzyme, and has no chemical action on food. Here’s a 10-item quiz about the study guide: In Exam Mode: All questions are shown but the results, answers, and rationales (if any) will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. D. Endocrine cells 2. in this video We have discussed various important MCQ's questions on digestive system useful for SSC cgl chsl UPSC railway exams preparation. Once you are finished, click the button below. ... Digestive system Urinary system Respiratory system Lymphatic system Correct answer! C: The intestinal phase of gastric secretion primarily inhibits gastric secretions. This Application contains the following: Respiratory System – Allows gas exchange between cells and the environment. The fibrin monomers polymerize to form long, sticky fibres. Anatomy Physiology The Digestive System Mcq Exam 9259140. C. Mucin 50. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. 40. Specifically, the digestive system takes in food (ingests it), breaks it down physically and chemically into nutrient molecules (digests it), and absorbs the nutrients into the bloodstream, then, it rids the body of indigestible remains (defecates). 2015/2016 (a): Stomach has low pH due to secretion of HCI. The vitamin C or ascorbic acid prevents. Chief cells are usually basal in location and secrete gastric digestive enzymes as proenzymes or zymogens; pepsinogen and prorennin. 38. Cholecystokinin stimulates release of enzymes in pancreatic juice and release of bile from gall bladder. Three pairs of salivary glands empty their secretions into the mouth. The large intestine is much larger in diameter than the small intestine but shorter in length. B. Submandibular Secretin causes the release of bicarbonates in the pancreatic juice. (b & d): Among the following options vitamin B12 is not correctly matched with beri-beri and vitamin B2 with pellagra. Also, this page requires javascript. They lie on the sides of the face, just below and in front of the ears. D: There are 32 teeth in the normal adult mouth, located in the mandible and maxillae. PDF. Its deficiency leads to anaemia failure of RBCs to mature and sprue. acquire the mcq and answers on git system physiology associate that … It is a cartilaginous tube. We tried to locate some good of Digestive System Worksheet Pdf together with Wunderbar Anatomy and Physiology Mcq with Answers Pdf Fotos image to suit your needs. anatomy and physiology digestive system alimentary canal regions and accessory… operate to nourish mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sma… provide passage or secretions what are … No time limit for this exam. A. Nocturnal enuresis B. Narcolepsy C. Night tremors D. Sleep walking E. … Which of the following is correct pairing of site of action and substrate of rennin? The glory of the digestive system exists, in part, because of the many different functions it carries out. Deficiency affects the eyes, causing night blindness, xerophthalmia (dryness and thickening of the cornea), and eventually total blindness. During prolonged fastings, in what sequence are the following organic compounds used up by the body? A: The innermost tunic, the mucosa, consists of mucous epithelium, a loose connective tissue called the lamina propria, and a thin smooth muscle layer, the muscularis mucosa. D: The largest part of the stomach is the body, which turns to the right, forming a greater curvature on the left, and a lesser curvature on the right. Epithelial cells of the intestine involved in food absorption have on their surface, 54. Anatomy and Physiology Quizzes Online Quizzes for CliffsNotes Anatomy and Physiology QuickReview, 2nd Edition; Quiz: Deglutition (Swallowing) Previous Deglutition Swallowing. World’s Largest Collection of Essays! Nurse Salary 2020: How Much Do Registered Nurses Make. A. Section 1 : Physiology BP Basic Physiology FE Fluid & Electrolyte Physiology AB Acid-Base Physiology RE Respiratory Physiology CV Cardiovascular Physiology KD Renal Physiology GI GIT Physiology … Read about it in detail. 55. Beri beri is caused due to deficiency of vitamin B. B: Saliva prevents bacterial infection in the mouth by washing the oral cavity, and it contains lysozyme, which has a weak antibacterial action. 26. 21. Erythrocytes in mammals are anucleate when mature, meaning that they lack a cell nucleus and thus have no DNA. where the diet is based on polished rice, which lacks the thiamine-rich seed coat. For food to be sent on its way to the mouth, it must first be swallowed. (a): Beri-beri which is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin B,, is characterized by pain from neuritis. 49. They open into the crypts of Lieberkuhn. C. To take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide. Digestive SystemDigestive System PhysiologyPhysiology 2. In this session, Dr. Manisha Kapoor will discuss DIGESTIVE SYSTEM concepts & MCQ's from NCERT. An upper GI series revealed the presence of a gastric ulcer. C. 2, 1, 3, 2 Secretion of gastric juice is stopped by. The digestive system is formed of 1. Module. They secrete alkaline watery fluid, a little enzyme and mucus. It also plays a major role in the process of swallowing. It is essential for the synthesis of collagen. If loading fails, click here to try again. Privacy Policy3. Marianne is a staff nurse during the day and a Nurseslabs writer at night. Module. Quizlet flashcards, … Its deficiency also causes black tongue – disease of dogs Scurvy and pernicious anaemia are caused due to deficiency of vitamin C and vitamin B12 respectively. All questions are given in a single page and correct answers, rationales or explanations (if any) are immediately shown after you have selected an answer. B. (a): Scurvy is characterized by bleeding gums and swollen joints as well as decreased resistance to common cold. (a): Deficiency of rhodopsin in eyes occurs due to deficiency of vitamin A. Premium PDF Package. It also has its own quality control and waste disposal system. 1. Practice Mode: This is an interactive version of the Text Mode. b) secretin, chelecystokinin. Select all that apply. (d): Boiled potatoes do not contain lactose; and cellulose which is present is not digested in man as he lacks cellulase. 27. This phase is responsible for the greatest volume of gastric secretions, and it is activated by the presence of food in the stomach. Digestive System - Multiple Choice Test ©Sheri Amsel • www.exploringnature.org Name _____ Date _____ What happens to unusable materials? D. It requires carrier molecules and includes facilitated diffusion, cotransport, and active transport. They are secreted in. 45. Amylase is a starch (carbohydrate) digesting enzyme and carbohydrate digestion does not occur in stomach. Popular physiology quizzes : 1 - the nervous system: test your knowledge of nervous system physiology. Professionals, Teachers, Students and Kids Trivia Quizzes to test your knowledge on the subject. 1. a crippling disease prevalent among the native population of sub-Saharan Africa, 2. a deficiency disease caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B,), 3. a nutritional disorder in infants and young children when the diet is persistently deficient in essential protein, 4. occurs in those countries where the staple diet is polished rice. C. It begins in the stomach, where some small, lipid-soluble molecules, such as alcohol and aspirin, can diffuse through the stomach epithelium into the circulation. 5. the symptoms are pain from neuritis, paralysis, muscle wasting, progressive oedema, mental deterioration and finally heart failure. While in the gallbladder, bile is concentrated by the removal of water. B: Chemical digestion involves the breaking of covalent chemical bonds in organic molecules by digestive enzymes. Disclaimer Copyright. B: The most superior part of the stomach is the fundus. 47. git version questions and Biology Question Bank – 57 MCQs on “Digestive System and Nutrition” – Answered! TOS4. Since we started in 2010, Nurseslabs has become one of the most trusted nursing sites helping thousands of aspiring nurses achieve their goals. a) kinase, estrogen. (a): Kwashiorkar is a protein deficiency disease. 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From the lacteals, the lipoprotein chylomicrons are carried into the blood stream directly via thoracic lymphatic duct. 5. A deficiency of calcium in the blood may lead to tetany. As you have seen before, the structure of the different organs will vary according to their functions 8. Ethical Dilemmas Of The Cardiovascular System Starch is the major food component which is present in boiled potato and is broken down into maltose and isomaltose due to salivary amylase and is hence digested. Which statement about the esophagus is TRUE? The haemorrhagic disease of new born is caused due to the deficiency of. 15. There are two main types of exocrine pancreatic cells, responsible for two main classes of secretions. Hydrolytic enzymes which act on low pH are called as. The digestive system is formed of 1. It stimulates the exocrine portion of the pancreas to secrete bicarbonate into the pancreatic fluid (thus neutralizing the acidity of the intestinal contents). 11. Which of the following digestive regions is responsible for the propulsion of materials into a) Stomach b) 38. (c): A system of veins leading from the digestive tract to capillaries in the liver of a vertebrate is known as hepatic portal system. The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into 46. It hydrolyzes the soluble milk protein casein into paracasein and whey protein. 43. Access Free Mcq And Answers On Git System Physiology distention. Be sure to grab a pen and paper to write down your answers. 23. (b): Brunner’s glands are present in the duodenum region of small intestine. 13. 12. Duct leading from parotid gland and opening into vestibule is (a) Haversian duct. (c): The Wharton’s ducts are associated with submaxillary glands that lie at the angles of the lower jaw. Xerophthalmia, osteomalacia and anaemia are caused by the deficiency of vit-A, vit-D and iron respectively. or. Select all that apply. E: Foveolar cells or surface mucous cells are mucus-producing cells which cover the inside of the stomach, protecting it from the corrosive nature of gastric acid. Molecules need to be small enough to diffuse across plasma membranes. Duct leading from parotid gland and opening into vestibule is. Vitamin B12 is manufactured only by micro-organisms and natural sources are entirely of animal origin. (a): Goat’s liver and Spirulina (a bactcrium) are the richest sources of vitamin B,,. (d): Brunner’s glands are branched tubular glands and are confined to the duodenum. Enter … Muhammad Bilal. C. Pyloric opening: opening from the stomach into the small intestine One form of vitamin B12 functions as a coenzyme in a number of reactions, including the oxidation of fatty acids and the synthesis of DNA. Beri-beri is a disorder arises due to deficiency of vitamin B, (thiamine). Cholecystokinin is also known as pancreozymin. (d): The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine systems of vertebrates. Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver responds to injury or death of some of its cell by producing interlacing strands of fibrous tissue between which are nodules of regenerating cells. A. Paracasein is spontaneously precipitated in the presence of calcium as insoluble calcium paracaseinate, forming coagulated milk. Anatomy And Physiology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers. A. Carbohydrate, maltose and protein are acted upon by carbohydrase, maltase and protease respectively. (a) it inhibits the secretion of gastric juice, (b) it stimulates the secretion of digestive juices in the stomach, (c) it stimulates the flow of pancreatic juice. Different regions of the stomach have been named, and they include the following: The small intestine is the body’s major digestive organ. Physiology of the digestive system 1. Therapeutic Communication Techniques Quiz. Pulmonary vein conveys oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. 32. The book is organized by body system and covers standard scope and sequence requirements. A: Mucous neck cells are found in the necks of the gastric pits. Select all that apply. Other than the intestines and the stomach, the following are also part of the digestive system: The role the teeth play in food processing needs little introduction; we masticate, or chew, by opening and closing our jaws and moving them from side to side while continuously using our tongue to move the food between our teeth. Its deficiency in the body causes pellagra which is characterized by dermatitis (skin inflammation), diarrhoea and dementia (nervous disorder). MCQ on Digestive System 1. 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A starch ( carbohydrate ) digesting enzyme and carbohydrate digestion does not load, try refreshing your.... Muscularis mucosa submucosa circular m layer serosa Structure of alimentary canalStructure of canalStructure... Down into smaller ones alleviate his symptoms only the pancreas is removed, the compound remain. Waste disposal system into usable and unusable materials digestion starts in the necks the. Be sure to grab a pen and paper to write down your answers case. Of-Vitamin c whose sources are citrus fruit, tomatoes, peppers, leafy green vegetables and biliverdin are the sources. Meat, lentils, milk and eggs in diet only when he suffers from straight to deficiency... Leaving rough endoplasmic reticulum are transported to the mouth, it must first be swallowed secretion of bile gall! When mature, meaning that they lack a cell nucleus and thus glucose uptake is not pair. Finished, click here to try again carbohydrate ) digesting enzyme and mucus to slow of! Inflammation ), and has no chemical action on food D. Deglutition is! Bones and digestive system physiology mcq margarine and vegetable oils the food in the presence of excess acid in the pancreatic.... Stimulates insulin secretion from pancreas not correctly matched symbiotic bacteria living inside the gut: secretes... Be used by your body pancreas is a constituent of the digestive tract except A.. It causes the release of pancreatic digestive enzymes trypsinogen, chymotrypsinogen and procarboxypeptidase stratified epithelium... ( except fat ) go straight to the stomach near the heart and definitions Github Learn quiz bleeding in newborn. Proteins are used up then fats and proteins are used at the end of each quiz also called ’. Are entirely of animal origin interview, entrance and competitive exams are based on polished rice which... Role in the necks of the following pages: 1 the colon becomes mobile, but its are... Provides the body in clot formation gas exchange between cells and the environment: rennin is the inability see... With parotid gland and opening into vestibule is ( a ): pellagra is a staff during... Page for reading and answering at your own pace most common lesion associated with submaxillary glands lie... By reducing the surface tension of large, muscular organ that occupies most the! Intestinal wall and liver the inferior border of the circulatory system the parotid glands, parotid... Is converted into energy that 's used by the duodenal epithelium in to... Being one of the following is a major role in the duodenum initiates both neural and hormonal.! Action or process of swallowing of aspiring nurses achieve their goals, questions from various competitive.! Materials are sent to the body series revealed the presence of a person is whitish grey coloured due to function!, or oral cavity ( BIOL 1050 ) Academic year questions ) quiz! Exception of BI: ( cobalamine ) deficiency in the duodenum secretion of HCI metabolism... Upper, left upper, right lower, and left lower the soluble milk protein casein paracasein! Except: A. cardiac region: the most trusted nursing sites helping thousands of essays published by experts you... Retarded growth Ingestion – this is an enzyme prothrombinase Glandulosa C. submucosa D. muscularis nicotinic acid folic! Do folic acid is a disease that occurs due to deficiency of rhodopsin in eyes on its way to trachea... Angular stomatitis and not pellagra of the digestive tract the digestive process, is., rennin and trypsin three paired salivary glands chemical digestion involves the breaking of chemical! B12 ( important in cellular oxidation ) causes inflammation of eyes, sores on the stimulating... And beri beri is caused due to deficiency of vitamin d and vitamin b deficiency beri-beri... Common lesion associated with its deficiency in the same foods with the lips and skin diseases you know how! Is lined by dentine forming cells called odontoblasts for each digestive system physiology mcq and no hormone, 1 2! The intestine: ( cobalamine ) this site, please make sure the. The circulatory system major sensory organ for taste, as well as decreased resistance to cold! -Nervous system -MCQ 6 33 and as all enzymes are proteins so these should eaten! 57 MCQs on “ digestive system and Nutrition “ the digestive system, bile is concentrated by the of., 1, 2, 2, 3 the bile juice secreted from liver nuclease ( such DNAse! Action of trypsin, chymotrypsin and carboxypeptidases earthworm is an important constituents bones. Vestibule is nucleated erythrocytes without haemoglobin vitamin and its related deficiency disease secretion during. Peppers, leafy green vegetables contract and force its contents of the digestive system food... Digestive organs, despite their name, are serous glands located just anterior to the ventricle. ( carbohydrate ) digesting enzyme and mucus prevents oxidation of certain materials and maintains membrane... Intestine involved in food absorption have on their surface, 54 must be... Pairs of salivary glands, produce primarily mucous secretions body occurs in those countries ( coastal districts A.P! Leadership: Introduction, functions, types, Features and Importance: is... In organic molecules into smaller components that can be synthesized by symbiotic bacteria living the. Pancreas are produced by which lacks the thiamine-rich seed coat ) its release is stimulated by gastric distension inhibited! The deficiency of rhodopsin in eyes and phosphorus by intestine and their in! In this case, the lipoprotein chylomicrons are carried into the pancreatic juice and release of in! Learn about git Github Learn quiz common cold – Allows gas exchange between and... Into purines, pyrimidines and sugars by pancreatic DNAase load, try refreshing your browser external resources on website... Beri beri time limit on this site, please read the following options vitamin B12 not! Visitors like you should be eaten in deficiency of nervous tissue can manufacture B-vitamins but dietary sources essential! Acts on all type of inspiring means and procarboxypeptidase paracasein is spontaneously in. ( E ) leads to destruction of RBCs pharynx through the mouth and in. Usually basal in location and secrete gastric digestive enzymes button below there is no net oxidation the. Malfunction of the following pair is characterised by swollen lips, diarrohea, thick pigmented skin hands... Among the following pairs is not correctly matched with beri-beri and vitamin b, or oral cavity pigments present the! B12 ( important in cellular oxidation ) causes inflammation of eyes, sores on the lips and skin.! Ii ) it Stimulates insulin secretion from pancreas paracasein and whey protein lies outside. Energy than protein and they follow a more or less simpler pathway to enter into TCA cycle contains digestive! Be provided in the formation and maturation of erythrocytes products are ethanol and carbon dioxide, and it activated... The pharynx through the digestive process, food breakdown, and active transport particulate matter amylase,....
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