Clair de lune, (French: Moonlight) the third segment in Suite bergamasque, a four-movement composition for piano by French composer Claude Debussy, begun in 1890 and revised and published in 1905. His first wife, Rosalie (“Lily”) Texier, a dressmaker, whom he married in 1899, did in fact shoot herself, though not fatally, and, as is sometimes the case with artists of passionate intensity, Debussy himself was haunted by thoughts of suicide. His mature compositions, distinctive and appealing, combined modernism and sensuality so successfully that their sheer … “The title Nocturnes is to be interpreted here in a general and, more particularly, in a … Writer and broadcaster on music. Debussy revised the famous composer Chopin's work for Durand. Some traumatizing events in his childhood caused him a depression and he never spoke about his early years. In 1893, Debussy was 31, and was having trouble trying to write a string quartet. I Achille-Claude Debussy (French: [aʃil klod dəbysi]; 22 Agosto 1862 – 25 Marzo 1918) metung yang kompositor a Pranses.Kayabe nang Maurice Ravel, metung ya kareng pikabaluan diling tauan a makaugne king Impresionistang musika, oneng ya mismu tutu neng e buri ing terminu nung yugne de king kareng kayang komposisyun. The style of Pelléas was to be replaced by a bolder, more highly coloured manner. Updates? One of the most important composers of the 20th Century, acknowledged as the founder of musical Impressionism. He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed, in many respects, the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was encouraged by Madame Mauté de Fleurville, who was associated with the Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied the piano and composition, eventually winning in 1884 the Grand Prix de Rome with his cantata L’Enfant prodigue (The Prodigal Child). It was the same year Debussy’s … Claude Debussy. Debussy composed Children's Corner between 1906 and 1908. Later he could not compose without having his favorite porcelain frog. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. He was encouraged by an associate of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, and in 1873 he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano and composition. Manuel worked in a printing factory. Achille-Claude Debussy (n. 22 august 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye - d. 25 martie 1918, Paris) a fost un compozitor francez. =PLEASE SUBSCRIBE=https://www.youtube.com/c/CHANNEL3YOUTUBEStay current with our most recent uploads & updatesChannel 3 YouTube - Biography of Claude Debussy, Classical Net - Biography of Achille-Claude Debussy, British Broadcasting Corporation - Biography of Claude Debussy, Claude Debussy - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). "L¹" numbers are also given from Lesure's original 1977 catalogue. This early style is well illustrated in one of Debussy’s best-known compositions, Clair de lune. Debussy senior ran a china shop and his wife was a seamstress. Embracing nontraditional scales and tonal structures, Claude Debussy is one of the most highly regarded composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is … He was almost overwhelmed by situations of great extremes, both material and emotional. With Oliver Reed, Vladek Sheybal, Annette Robertson, Izabella Telezynska. Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was one of the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is regarded as the founder of musical impressionism. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. No. His major works include Clair de lune (“Moonlight,” in Suite bergamasque, 1890–1905), Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894; Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), the opera Pelléas et Mélisande (1902), and La Mer (1905; “The Sea”). 2021 Language Wordless (humming) Composer Time Period Comp. In his later years, it is the pursuit of illusion that marks Debussy’s instrumental writing, especially the strange, other-worldly Cello Sonata. She is described as a lively and friendly child who was adored by her father. 11 of Douze Études L 143, it has no musical relation to that piece, though Debussy composed the two simultaneously; this overture and the vocal duet L 48 are all that survive of the unfinished opera, transcription of the instrumental mvts of L 61 (No.1 & 4), soprano, 2 contraltos, various chorus, orchestra, soprano, 2 contraltos, various chorus, piano, piano reduction of orchestra part of L 130 by, orchestration of L 132b unfinished, completed by, soprano, tenor, baritone, 4-part chorus, orchestra, solo female voice (S), 2-part children's chorus (SS), 2-part female chorus (CC) (with contralto solo), orchestra, soprano, 4-part female chorus (SSCC) (with contralto solo), piano, revised 1907–08, with additional reorchestration 1908 by, piano reduction of an aria from the opera, piano reduction of a vocal duet from the opera, Scherzo – Intermezzo. (He had in fact published in one of the anarchist journals poems that he had written and that he later set to music in the song cycle Proses lyriques [1893].). original 1890 title Promenade sentimentale; II. Once one of his mistresses, Gabrielle (“Gaby”) Dupont, threatened suicide. Clicking that header again will reverse the order; to return to the genre category order, reload the webpage.). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Claude Debussy's Painterly Preludes The subtle, elusive quality of Debussy's twenty-four preludes is captured perfectly by pianist Paul Jacobs, who plays them with a tolling, bell-like sound. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Debussy plays Debussy - Claude Debussy on AllMusic - 2003. Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. He traveled with her to her palatial residences throughout Europe during the long summer vacations at the Conservatory. View the Wikipedia article on Claude Debussy.. In his work, as in his personal life, he was anxious to gather experience from every region that the imaginative mind could explore. Corrections? [2], (The "L¹" and "L²" headers are clickable and doing so will sort the entire list by L¹ or L² number. None [force assignment] Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. The title refers to a folk song that was the conventional accompaniment of scenes of the lovesick Pierrot in the French pantomime, and indeed the many Pierrot-like associations in Debussy’s later music, notably in the orchestral work Images (1912) and the Sonata for Cello and Piano (1915; originally titled Pierrot fâché avec la lune [“Pierrot Vexed by the Moon”]), show his connections with the circus spirit that also appeared in works by other composers, notably the ballet Petrushka (1911) by Igor Stravinsky and Pierrot Lunaire by Arnold Schoenberg. 111, is an orchestral composition by the French composer Claude Debussy.. Alternative Title: Achille-Claude Debussy Claude Debussy, in full Achille-Claude Debussy, (born August 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France—died March 25, 1918, Paris), French composer whose works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Opera sa … Debussy was developing in this work ideas of an earlier period, those expressed in a youthful play he had written, Frères en art (Brothers in Art), where his challenging, indeed anarchical, ideas are discussed among musicians, painters, and poets. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Claude-Debussy, Making Music Fun! The title means ‘Moonlight’ and the piece is actually part of the four-movement work Suite Bergamasque . Turner and the French painter Claude Monet. L # in Lesure catalog (2001) has 82a, but there is no 82b or 82. Several other women, some of doubtful reputation, were also associated with him in his early years. Excerpt from the main theme of Claude Debussy's, Excerpt from “The Snow Is Dancing” from Claude Debussy's. La mer, trois esquisses symphoniques pour orchestre (French for The sea, three symphonic sketches for orchestra), or simply La mer (The Sea), L. 109, CD. For Claude Debussy 1 - V Alt ernative. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. 410 pages. Debussy showed a gift as a pianist by the age of nine. French composer Claude Debussy’s works were a seminal force in the music of the 20th century. Today, the group plays the String Quartet in G Minor by Claude Debussy. Debussy’s youth was spent in circumstances of great turbulence. Directed by Ken Russell. French composer Claude Debussy’s major works included Clair de lune (“Moonlight”; in Suite bergamasque, 1890–1905), Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894; Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun), the opera Pelléas et Mélisande (1902), and La Mer (1905; “The Sea”). After 47 visits to the Hot 100, Justin Bieber topped the tally for the first time on September 17, 2015 with "What Do You Mean?" The main musical influence in Debussy’s work was the work of Richard Wagner and the Russian composers Aleksandr Borodin and Modest Mussorgsky. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The shop was unsuccessful, and closed in 1864; the family moved to Paris, first living with Victorine's mother, in Clichy, and, from 1868, in their own apartment in the Rue Saint-Honoré. Claude Debussy spent many years trapped in the sound of Richard Wagner, as so many young, talented composers in his day were.. One story about his breakout concerns the Velvet Gentleman, Erik Satie.It is said that one day, Debussy heard a piece by the older Satie that contained chords like the ones we associate with Debussy today. He was the eldest of the five children of Manuel-Achille Debussy and his wife, Victorine, née Manoury. In Paris during this time he fell in love with a singer, Blanche Vasnier, the beautiful young wife of an architect; she inspired many of his early works. 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 in. Claude Debussy was first introduced to the singer Emma Bardac in early 1904, by her son Raoul, who was one of his students. Condition of the book is VERY GOOD: light wear to covers, heavier wear to corners, esp. Debussy was born on 22 August 1862 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Seine-et-Oise, on the north-west fringes of Paris. Author of. Este considerat unul dintre cei mai influenți compozitori, creatorul unui stil inovativ, cu o finisare tehnică și cu un aer de natură poetică. He dedicated the suite to his daughter, Claude-Emma (known as "Chou-Chou"), who was born on 30 October 1905 in Paris. At this time Debussy lived a life of extreme indulgence. This is a complete list of compositions by Claude Debussy initially categorized by genre, and sorted within each genre by "L²"[citation needed] number according to the 2001 revised catalogue by musicologist François Lesure,[1] which is generally in chronological order of composition date. The posthumous printing in 2003 of Lesure's 2001 revised catalog (as a supplement to the revised edition of his Debussy biography) omitted the composition, List of compositions by Claude Debussy by genre, International Music Score Library Project, Complete catalogue organized by Lesure numbers, Catalogue François Lesure des œuvres de Claude Debussy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_compositions_by_Claude_Debussy&oldid=988320981, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, alternate versions: the published score indicates that the harp part can also be played on regular (pedal) harp or piano, transcription of 2nd mvt of Piano Trio L 5, written for a "guess the composer" contest in, Debussy gave the title of the work and the movement titles in English on his manuscript. an alternate piece for No. Achille-Claude Debussy (born St Germain-en-Laye, 22 August 1862; died Paris, 25 March, 1918) was a French composer.He was one of the most important composers of the early 20th century.Most of his compositions are for orchestra or for piano.He also wrote some songs, chamber music and one opera.He made his music very different from the Romantic style that other composers … An actor is playing Claude Debussy in a film about the composer's life, and finds himself identifying with his subject very closely. Wagner’s conception of Gesamtkunstwerk (“total art work”) encouraged artists to refine upon their emotional responses and to exteriorize their hidden dream states, often in a shadowy, incomplete form; hence the more tenuous nature of the work of Wagner’s French disciples. In 1905 Debussy’s illegitimate daughter, Claude-Emma, was born. This noble bass instrument takes on, in chameleon fashion, the character of a violin, a flute, and even a mandolin. Debussy himself eventually fled from the Villa Medici after two years and returned to Blanche Vasnier in Paris. Condition: Very Good. Debussy could not have a public funeral because Paris was being heavily bombed at the end of World War I. Debussy started receiving piano lessons at age 7. Debussy provided an introductory note to the Nocturnes that reveals the influence of these painters’ sensibilities on his own thinking, with its reliance on light, mystery, and impression to characterize his music. Claude Debussy was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, France. Repelled by the gossip and scandal arising from this situation, he sought refuge for a time at Eastbourne, on the south coast of England. It is based on poems from Poèmes anciens et … Other early works by Debussy show his affinity with the English Pre-Raphaelite painters; the most notable of these works is La Damoiselle élue (1888), based on “The Blessed Damozel” (1850), a poem by the English poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Though both were married, the pair started an affair and after a secret vacation with Bardac on the island of Jersey, Debussy wrote to his wife Rosalie announcing the end of their marriage. As a holder of the Grand Prix de Rome, Debussy was given a three-year stay at the Villa Medici in Rome, where, under what were supposed to be ideal conditions, he was to pursue his creative work. Life. Maurice Hinson. Most composers who were granted this state scholarship, however, found life in this magnificent Renaissance palace irksome and longed to return to simpler and more familiar surroundings. Clair De Lune (1905) La Mer (1905) Prélude A L'après-midi D'un Faune (1894) More Songfacts: What Do You Mean?Justin Bieber. Composer. Claude Debussy started writing the incredibly romantic piano piece Clair de lune in 1890 when he was just 28, but it wasn’t published for another 15 years! Debussy helped alter the course of Western music by breaking with traditional concepts of tonality, form and color. Explorations, he maintained, were the essence of music; they were his musical bread and wine. His style is restrained … libretto: Louis Laloy and Charles Morice; Zuléima was the 1st mvt of Ode symphonique, a projected 3-mvt cantata, but the other 2 mvts were never written, manuscript lost, this orchestral version possibly never written or only sketched, but since reconstructed from other versions, unfinished draft, completed and arranged by Marius-François Gaillard in 1928 (piano acc. His single completed opera, Pelléas et Mélisande (first performed in 1902), demonstrates how the Wagnerian technique could be adapted to portray subjects like the dreamy nightmarish figures of this opera who were doomed to self-destruction. It was in this spirit that Debussy wrote the symphonic poem Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune (1894). Piano Book. Omissions? Born: 22 August 1862 Died: 25 March 1918 Biography. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Nocturnes, L. 91, CD. Strobel, Heinrich, 1898-1970 Claude Debussy Zürich : Atlantis-Verl., 1940 294 S., 2 Ill. (DE-101)1032647159 She was three years old when he dedicated the suite to her in 1908. In his seascape La Mer (1905) he was inspired by the ideas of the English painter J.M.W. A wonderful series developed by Maurice Hinson that contains the most popular intermediate selections by favorite composers, and features performance suggestions and analyses. Claude Debussy in 1908 This is a complete list of compositions by Claude Debussy initially … He developed a highly original system of harmony and musical structure that expressed in many respects the ideals to which the Impressionist and Symbolist painters and writers of his time aspired. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Debussy plays Debussy - Claude Debussy on AllMusic - 2003 ... Title/Composer Performer Time Stream; Préludes (12) for piano, Book I, L. 117: 1 Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. The piece’s title, meaning “moonlight”, was added shortly before its publication in 1905 as the third movement of a four-part work called Suite Bergamasque. Moderato con allegro, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 13:23. For his daughter, nicknamed Chouchou, he wrote the piano suite Children’s Corner (1908). Wagner fulfilled the sensuous ambitions not only of composers but also of the Symbolist poets and the Impressionist painters. It is clear that he was torn by influences from many directions; these stormy years, however, contributed to the sensitivity of his early style. In the course of his career, however, which covered only 25 years, Debussy was constantly breaking new ground. Hardcover. Period: Modern: Piece Style Modern: Instrumentation 24 singers About this Item: Presses de la Cite, Paris, 1963. His father was a salesman and kept a china shop. The gentle “Clair de lune” provides an elegant contrast to the suite’s sprightly second and fourth movements. Claude Debussy was a gifted pianist by age nine. Claude Debussy Song list. Dust Jacket Condition: good +. King Pransya, megawa yang Chevalier ning Legion of Honour anyang 1903. He had divorced Lily Texier in 1904 and subsequently married his daughter’s mother, Emma Bardac. Possibly a typo, or there WAS an 82b which was intentionally removed and the number never got changed. Title Composer Omid, Aryan: I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. August 22, 1862 - March 25, 1918. artistfacts. It turned out to be his only string quartet. Debussy’s spontaneity and the sensitive nature of his perception facilitated his acute insight into the child mind, an insight noticeable particularly in Children’s Corner, a French counterpart to Mussorgsky’s song cycle The Nursery; in the Douze Préludes, 2 books (1910, 1913; “Twelve Preludes”), for piano; and in the ballet La Boîte à joujoux (first performed in 1919; The Box of Toys). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Additional Physical Format: Online-Ausg. François Lesure's "critical biography" of Claude Debussy (Fayard, 2003) is widely recognized by scholars as the most comprehensive and reliable account of that composer's life and career as well as of the artistic milieu in which he worked. Claude Debussy. Composed between 1903 and 1905, the piece was premiered in Paris in October 1905. While living in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, he unexpectedly came under the patronage of a Russian millionaire. version) & 1958 (orchestrated version), 1st version of L 114 No.3;[citation needed]. While living with his parents in a poverty-stricken suburb of Paris, he unexpectedly came under the patronage of a Russian millionairess, Nadezhda Filaretovna von Meck, who engaged him to play duets with her and her children. 1st version of Sarabande from Pour le piano L 95, discovered 1977, published as Étude retrouvée, lost, only two pieces survive: the Overture in a piano four-hands reduction L 20, and fragments of a vocal duet with accompaniment in piano reduction L 48[citation needed], lost, only two pieces survive with accompaniment in piano reductions: Il dort encore (aria from Scene 1) L 34, and Ode Bachique (vocal duet) L 41. complete except for sketches for the orchestration; "reconstituted" from the mss in 1987 by Richard Langham Smith, orchestrated 1993 by Edison Denisov, unfinished, one piece only: Berceuse: Il était une fois une fée qui avait un beau sceptre (solo), scored for solo voice without accompaniment, three of the pieces are arrangements of L 97, 2 sections (Fanfare d'ouverture, Le Sommeil de Lear) completed and orchestrated by Jean Roger-Ducasse 1926, completed, revised, and orchestrated by Juan Allende-Blin 1979; also completed (new version) by Robert Orledge 2013, orchestrated by André Caplet in collaboration with Debussy. By Claude Debussy / ed. His mother was a seamstress. Claude Debussy, Soundtrack: Rise of the Planet of the Apes. Cream cloth binding. III. 98 (also known as Trois Nocturnes or Three Nocturnes) is an impressionist orchestral composition in three movements by the French composer Claude Debussy, who wrote it between 1892 and 1899. List of choral works Debussy and his librettist, Maurice Maeterlinck, declared that they were haunted in this work by the terrifying nightmare tale of Edgar Allan Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher. Claude Debussy (born Achille-Claude Debussy) was among the most influential composers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Out to be his only string quartet in 1905 Debussy ’ s Corner ( 1908 ) to! The course of his career, however, which covered only 25 years, Debussy was.. Series developed by Maurice Hinson that contains the most influential composers of the work... ( requires login ): Presses de la Cite, Paris, he wrote piano... 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