In 1820 the state of New York purchased the company’s works, closing the books on the 18th-century canal scheme. This Erie Canal Worksheet is suitable for 3rd Grade. Erie Canal has been listed as a level-4 vital article in Geography. In 1817, following election as governor of New York, Clinton persuaded the state legislature to authorize loans for $7 million to build a canal from Buffalo, on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, to the upper Hudson, passing through the Mohawk Valley region. The Erie Canal is purely a tourist attraction today, but it also attracted vacationers when it opened as well. offers a rich perspective on the tumultuous era between the War of 1812 and the Civil War. Canal engineer Canvass White solved one of the construction obstacles when he discovered how to create a cement that hardened underwater. Palmyra was home to Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church. Perfect for students and lifelong learners. . Beginning in the 1780s, various plans were proposed to improve navigation on the Mohawk River. The canal was enlarged in the mid-1800s, and it continued to be used for freight transportation for decades. At the conclusion of the trip in New York City, Clinton emptied a keg of water from Lake Erie into the Atlantic Ocean, calling it the “marriage of the waters.” Altogether, the locks, the aqueducts, and the canal itself were considered an American engineering marvel, and it was a great source of pride as an example of how citizens in a republic could improve upon nature and promote progress. On July 4, 1817, at Rome, New York on a site now occupied by the Worthington Industries Steel plant, there was a ceremony allegedly turning the first spade of earth on the construction of the Erie Canal, one of the most important public works projects in history. With a typical canal prism shape—12 metres (40 feet) wide on the top, 8.5 metres (28 feet) wide at the bottom, and 1.2 metres (4 feet) deep—the engineers patterned the Erie Canal after the Middlesex Canal in Massachusetts. Along the Erie Canal, Buffalo, N.Y. (No. Chief engineer Benjamin Wright and his corps of self-taught engineers (there were no engineering schools in the United States at that time, though the project prompted several schools to start engineering programs) were successful in overcoming the technological problems faced by the canal, which needed to move boats through more than 150 metres (500 feet) of elevation. Having a local source of hydraulic cement greatly aided the construction process, and it reduced costs by eliminating the need to import European cement. erie canal A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. New York Governor DeWitt Clinton pouring water from Lake Erie into the Atlantic Ocean to mark the completion of the Erie Canal. "Traveling on the Erie Canal" The original Illustration was taken from Graham's Magazine, 1828. Meanwhile, a new canal project had been gaining momentum. Take a quick trip down the Erie Canal of Explaining as we look at how this revolutionary transportation system changed the course of United States History. The 1850 weigh lock building in Syracuse still stands, although the canal has been paved over, and serves today as the Erie Canal Museum. Adjunct instructor of history, Waynesburg University, Pennsylvania. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. THE ERIE CANAL. This period in American history saw dramatic changes in the ways people perceived and organized their lives. No the Erie Canal did NOT join with the Ohio River. The Erie Canal was the marvel of the age, and it was celebrated in songs, illustrations, paintings, and popular folklore. American Society of Civil Engineers site- The Erie Canal was the world's longest canal and one of America's great engineering feats. The Erie Canal affected the United States economically, politically and socially. Have students label the Erie Canal on … The locks were designed so that each needed only one person for its operation. This is where, on Hill Comorah, Smith received the tablets that he later translated into the Book of Mormon. The Erie Canal was first opened in 1825. It mandates that a federal court must apply state substantive law in diversity jurisdiction cases. The Erie required 83 locks, each made of stone, to move boats up and down the natural elevations. Erie Canal, historic waterway of the United States, connecting the Great Lakes with New York City via the Hudson River at Albany. Welland Canal, waterway in southern Ontario, Can., that provides navigation for large vessels between Lake Erie to the south and Lake Ontario to the north and forms an important link in the St. Lawrence Seaway. The Erie Canal was built from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. Excerpt from Joseph Smith's Journal 1835-1836 he said unto me I am a messenger sent from God, be faithful and keep his Insert New York: A Documentary Film , Episode 1: "The Country and the City" into the VCR. With nature presenting more daunting obstacles on both the western and eastern sections, construction began in the middle segment on July 4, 1817, with Clinton officiating the groundbreaking at Rome, New York. This site has all the data needed to understand the pro's and con's regarding vegetation removal and repair of these 'high-risk' embankments. In particular, DeWitt Clinton had promoted the idea of a western canal as early as 1811 while serving in the New York state senate. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In addition, construction of the canal served as a training ground for many of the engineers who built other American canals and railroads in the ensuing decades. Particularly interesting portions of the original "Clinton's Ditch" Canal and the Enlarged Erie Canal include: The locks at Lockport, where the current double 24 1/2 foot high locks are adjacent to one sequence of the original 5 lock pairs.In 2013-2014 and 2019, three of the original locks were restored to operating condition, with plans to restore the other two in the works. Because the Niagara Escarpment, a New Canal project had been gaining the erie canal explained you have any questions separates... Right to your students that they will be viewing a video clip that explains the history the..., flat-panel wall … this Erie Canal history locks, each made of stone, to move boats and... 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