FMA IA-58 Pucara. [6], The Pucará was designed for operations from short, rough airstrips. This is the well known F.M.A. pp. British Gallantry Awards or back to Falklands … [15], On 21 May a Pucará was lost to a Stinger SAM fired by D Squadron SAS (the first Stinger launched in combat) [16] and another to 30 mm cannon rounds from Cmdr Nigel "Sharkey" Ward's RN Sea Harrier,[17][18] the latter after leading a successful two-aircraft raid on a shed allegedly used as an observation post by British forces. the Pucara is an elegant looking aircraft, and your model is looking SUPER. A511 sits practically intact in a grass-covered valley, nearly 20 miles from Goose Green settlement, undisturbed and in peace. November 1980. p. p. 247. The Pucará (Quechuan for “fortress”) is an Argentinian Ground attack and counter insurgency aircraft. [9], The first units were delivered in May 1975 to the Argentine Air Force (Spanish language: Fuerza Aérea Argentina Alan Craig's Sea Harrier. The flight of four Skyhawks had already run into trouble, with two aircraft having to abort with technical problems, and the other two planes first encountered the freighter Rio Carcarana , derelict after air attack 5 days previously . Pucarás operated from Port Stanley airport and two small grass improvised airfields at Goose Green and Pebble Island. Other Pucaras were stationed on Pebble Island, north of West Falkland Island. The other Pucará, piloted by Lt. Micheloud, made good its escape after being chased by Lt. Cmdr. [5] Fuel is fed from two fuselage tanks of combined capacity of 800 L (180 imp gal; 210 US gal) and two self-sealing tanks of 460 L (100 imp gal; 120 US gal) in the wings. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. [21] One of these Pucarás crashed into Blue Mountain on the return flight to Port Stanley and was destroyed—the body of the pilot (Lt. Gimenez) was not found until 1986, and was buried with military honours at Port Darwin by his family, the first Argentine relatives to visit the Falklands since the end of the war. The undercarriage, flaps and brakes are operated hydraulically, with no pneumatic systems. "Pucara's Wrong War". The IA-58 has a tandem cockpit arrangement; the crew of two is seated under the upward opening clamshell canopy on Martin-Baker Mk 6AP6A zero/zero ejection seats and are provided with dual controls. But it was in the Falklands that the Pucara became known worldwide. In many regards, the Argentine Pucara shared many similarities - in both its combat role and outward design - to the Rockwell OV-10 Bronco. | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com. Aircraft Losses during the Falklands war 1982 ... One Pucara of FAA Grupo 3 destroyed and two more damaged and not repaired at Goose Green by CBU's dropped in attack by No.800 Sea Harriers flown by Lt Cmdr Frederiksen, Lt Hale and Lt McHarg RN (8.25 am). Pucara CAS aircraft Argentine Air Force Performance. The project, financed and directed by the Argentine Government (Secretaría de Ciencia Tecnología e Innovación Productiva de la Nación), made Argentina the second nation in the world to propel an aircraft with biojet fuel. When the Falklands were taken, the runways at Port Stanley were damaged and only aircraft like the Pucara could operate from them. The next aircraft arrived over the islands around noon. IA 58A Pucará Falklands war kit #72047 from Special Hobby, also reboxed by Airfix although without the resin or photo-etched bits. This is the former A-515 (15 still visible on nosewheel door), which was restored to flying condition and operated by the A&AEE for trials. Hatch, Paul (29 November–5 December 1989). The latest images are showing off their F-15E, the Falklands map, and a whole new DCS World module: the Pucara! The unswept cantilever wings have 7 degrees of Dihedral on the outer panels and are fitted with slotted trailing-edge flaps. Three hardpoints are fitted for the carriage of external stores such as bombs, rockets or external fuel tanks, with one of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) capacity mounted under the fuselage and the remaining two, of 500 kg (1,100 lb) capacity beneath the wings. A very capable and formidable aircraft it saw action in the Falklands war and the Sri-lankan civil war. You’d be forgiven if you didn’t know what the FMA IA-58A Pucara was as its more on the obscure end of the military aviation spectrum. [31], On May 1982, at the peak of the Falklands War, the Argentine Air Force, in collaboration with the Navy, outfitted a prototype, AX-04, with pylons to mount Mark 13 torpedoes. FMA 1A 58 PUCARA A-515/ZD485/9245M. The unswept cantilever wings have 7 degrees of Dihedral on the outer panels and are fitted with slotted trailing-edge flaps. The FMA IA 58 Pucará (Quechua language: Fortress) is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones. Ethell, Jeffrey L. and Price, Alfred (1983). ) in northern Reconquista, Santa Fe province. In order to test the proposed layout, DINFIA first built a full-scale unpowered glider test vehicle, this flying for the first time on 26 December 1967. Armour plating is fitted to protect the crew and engines from hostile groundfire. From an aborted "suicide mission" to a daring airstrip raid destroying enemy aircraft, the SAS was at the heart of the Falklands War 30 years ago. pp. [1][3] The first prototype was later re-engined with the Astazou, with this engine being chosen for the production version, and a third, production, prototype followed in 1973. [22], Helmet of pilot shot down by small arms fire from 2 PARA during the Falklands War, Also on the 28 May 2 PARA shot down a Pucará with small arms fire after it launched rockets on British troops (without causing any casualties), during the Battle of Goose Green. * Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. [7] The retractable tricycle landing gear, with a single nosewheel and twin mainwheels retracting into the engine nacelles, is therefore fitted with low pressure tyres to suit operations on rough ground, while the undercarriage legs are tall to give good clearance for underslung weapon loads. See more ideas about Fighter jets, Aircraft, Aviation. The Ar… Six more were destroyed in the SAS Raid on Pebble Island on 15 May 1982. Most were based at Port Stanley but several operated from remote airfields throughout the Falklands where they ended up captured or destroyed on the ground. Huertas, Salvador Mafé (April 1996). Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: A very capable and formidable aircraft it saw action in the Falklands war and the Sri-lankan civil war. The Pucara's pilot ejected and walked back to base. A very capable and formidable aircraft, it saw action in the Falklands war and the Sri Lankan civil war. The Pucara was built for speed, maneuverability, lethality and crew survivability in mind. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, and is capable of operating from unprepared strips when operationally required. [6] Three JATO rockets can be fitted under the fuselage to allow extra-short take-off. FMA IA58 Pucará . A-533 (ZD486) – Boscombe Down Aviation Collection (Cockpit Section only). Six were taken back to the United Kingdom, as follows: Some Pucarás were used in Sri Lanka counter-insurgency operations from 1993 to 1999; three were destroyed during combat sorties. The type saw action during the Falklands War and the Sri Lankan Civil War. Pucara Malvinas A-511 (Mayor C. Tomba) May 1982; Brigada Area 3./Grupo 3 de Ataque, Esc. This former Argentinan Air Force Pucara was captured by the RAF at Port Stanley, Falkland islands after the end of the armed conflict in 1982. By the time of the Falklands War about 60 Pucarás had been delivered. ISSN. A-517 – Privately owned. Major Tomba, the pilot of the aircraft shotdown by Cmdr Ward, survived the ejection and was recovered by friendly forces. An Argentinian designed and built light attack and counter-insurgency twin propeller plane with a crew of two. The box includes two Argentinian Pucara aircraft. A crashed Argentine Pucara aircraft, which was shot down during the Falklands War, and which has remained virtually undetected ever since, has recently been ?found' in a remote area of the Falklands. 21st of May 1982. [33], Data from Jane's Civil and Military Upgrades 1994–95[41]. Suddenly, Argentine Skyhawks appear on the horizon and a fight ensues. Pucara Malvinas A-549 May 1982 - BAM Malvinas; Brigada Area 3./Grupo 3 de Ataque, Esc. Several trials were performed off Puerto Madryn, over Golfo Nuevo, but the war was over before the technicians could evaluate the feasibility of the project. [5] The aircraft is powered by a pair of Turbomeca Astazou engines, driving sets of three-bladed Ratier-Forest 23LF propellers;[5] the propellers are also capable of being used as air brakes. 136–145. They had their operational debut late in 1975, when a number of Pucarás carried out counter-insurgency strikes from Córdoba against Communist ERP guerillas in Tucumán Province as part of Operativo Independencia. In August 1966, Dirección Nacional de Fabricación e Investigación Aeronáutica (DINFIA), the Argentine state aircraft factory, began development of the AX-2, a Counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft to meet a requirement of the Argentine Air Force. ISSN. [5], Fixed armament of the Pucará consists of two Hispano 804 20 mm cannons mounted under the cockpits with 270 rounds each and four 7.62 mm Browning machine guns mounted on the sides of the fuselage with 900 rounds each. The first units were delivered in May 1975 to the Argentine Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Argentina, FAA), equipping the 2° Escuadron de Exploración y Ataque, part of the 3rd Air Brigade (Spanish: III Brigada Aérea) in northern Reconquista, Santa Fe province. This was the only confirmed Argentine air-to-air victory of the war. [32], In 2007 an IA-58 of the Fuerza Aérea Argentina was converted to carry a modified engine operating on soy-derived bio-jet fuel. ), about 60 Pucarás had been delivered[11] As one of the few aircraft the Argentine service capable of flying operationally from the small airfields in the Falklands, with the runway at Port Stanley Airport was not long enough for FAA Skyhawks and Mirages to be deployed,[12] it was decided to deploy a number of Pucarás to the Falklands, with four arriving at Port Stanley on 2 April 1982, with a further 8 arriving on 9 April. Donald, David (Summer 1991). Flag images indicative of … Feb 16, 2019 - Personal project, possible amendment and updating of the weapon system "IA 58 Pucara" of the Argentine Air Force, modifications understood ways the repl... IA-58 E Super Pucara FW The aircraft was classified as a counter-insurgency ground-attack system capable of rough-field operation and designed with a multitude of munition options to suit the role. Destroyed Argentinian Air Force Pucara aircraft provide a dramatic backdrop. Despite initiating the war, Argentina had not prepared a plan for the subsequent defence of the islands. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations. [10], By the time of the Falklands War (Spanish language: Guerra de las Malvinas The plane I choose to depict is the Argentinean Air Force IA-58 Pucará serial A-556 . (DINFIA had been renamed the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) earlier that year). London: Aerospace Publishing. [1][2], Testing of the glider showed no major handling problems, and in September 1968, construction began on a powered prototype, given the designation FMA IA 58 Delfin, but later renamed Pucará, to be powered by a pair of 674 kilowatts (904 hp) Garrett TPE331I/U-303 engines. Burden, Rodney A.; Draper, Michael I; Rough, Douglas A.; Smith, Colin R.; Wilton, Davis L. (1986). After the Argentine surrender eleven Pucarás (four of them in flying condition) were captured by British forces. The IA-58 Pucara has provided South American nations such as Argentina with an inexpensive, easily maintained attack aircraft that can direct a sizeable load of munitions at a target of opportunity. on to 55. Lt Cruzado ejected and became a POW.[23]. The aircraft was surprisingly tough, as Ward observed no less but 20 cannon hits before the target started to fall to the earth. Sharkey Ward, flying Sea Harrier XZ451/006, was one of three aircraft launched to carry out a combat air patrol at the northern end of the Falkland Sound. They were used in the reconnaissance and light-attack role. Pucara comes to DCS World Photo credit: Chris Lofting / CC BY-SA 4.0. The IA-58 has a tandem cockpit arrangement; the crew of two is seated under the upward opening clamshell canopy on Martin-Baker Mk 6AP6A zero/zero ejection seats and are provided with dual controls. pp. FMA IA-58 Pucara FMA IA-58A Pucara Fuerza Aérea Argentina (Argentine Air Force 1945-now) Brigada Area 3./Grupo 3 de Ataque, Esc. [19][20], Two Pucarás shot down a Royal Marines Scout helicopter with 7.62 mm machine gun fire on 28 May, while it was on a casualty evacuation mission during the battle of Goose Green. [4] The first production model flew on 8 November 1974, with deliveries beginning in early 1976. They had their operational debut late in 1976, when a number of Pucarás carried out counter insurgency strikes from Córdoba against Communist ERP guerillas in Tucumán Province as part of Operativo Independencia. Many of the Pucarás remaining on the mainland were moved to Puerto Santa Cruz or Comodoro Rivadavia in southern Argentina where they were closer to the Falklands if needed for reinforcements, and were used to perform coastal surveillance. Articles with Spanish-language external links, Articles containing non-English-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Dirección Nacional de Fabricación e Investigación Aeronáutica, Argentine air forces in the Falklands War, http://www.naval-history.net/F64argaircraftlost.htm, San Carlos Air Battles – Falklands War 1982, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/pop_ups/07/in_pictures_traces_of_conflict/html/3.stm, http://en.mercopress.com/2002/02/08/lost-argentine-pucara-found, "Argentine aircraft and successes against British ships", http://www.naval-history.net/F41argaircraft.htm, http://www.britains-smallwars.com/Falklands/argentine-aircraftlosses.html, Photos: FMA IA-58A Pucara Aircraft Pictures, http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_336.shtml, "Secessionists Down Sri Lanka Fighter; Thousands Flee Battles", http://www.nytimes.com/1995/07/14/world/secessionists-down-sri-lanka-fighter-thousands-flee-battles.html, http://www.lanacion.com.ar/nota.asp?nota_id=895673, http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1989/1989%20-%203679.html, "El avión A-588 Pucará recibe su permiso final de vuelo tras su modernización", http://www.infodefensa.com/?noticia=el-avion-a-588-pucara-recibe-su-permiso-final-de-vuelo-tras-su-modernizacion, INDIVIDUAL HISTORY. The aircraft was classified as a counter-insurgency ground-attack system capable of rough-field operation and designed with a multitude of munition options to suit the role. [5], The IA 58 Pucará is of conventional, all-metal (mainly duralumin) construction. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. The Pucará ( Quechuan for “fortress” ) is an Argentinian Ground attack and counter insurgency aircraft. [1] The first prototype made its maiden flight on 20 August 1969, with a second prototype, with power switching to 729 kW (978 shp) Turbomeca Astazou XVIGs, following on 6 September 1970. Albatros 1/1250 scale die-cast metal, waterline, assembled, painted and finished model of Atlantic Causeway, the container ship used as an aircraft repair ship during the Falklands war. Possibly shipped to the Channel Islands. As it was built primarily to fly from shorter less-than-perfect airstrips it was decided that a small number of Pucarás should be sent to the Falklands. Armour plating is fitted to protect the crew and engines from hostile groundfire. The project intends to make the FAA less reliant on fossil fuels. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. 2 x Turbomeca "Astazou" XVIG turboprop engines developing 978 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units. 10/16/2019 We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. The Argentine Air Force (AAF) fought remarkably well during the Falklands War, astonishing … It's 10 weeks into the Falklands War, and two British Harriers find themselves protecting a damaged ship, the HMS Hermes. "Airdata File: FMAIA 58B & IA 66 Pucará". [13][14], Most aircraft used in combat were armed with unguided bombs, 2.75 inch rocket pods, or 7.62 mm machine gun pods. The aim was its possible production as torpedo-carrying aircraft to enhance the anti-ship capabilities of the Argentine air forces. As many as 160 Pucaras are thought to have been produced in total. Total external weapons load is limited to 1,620 kg (3,570 lb). There are a total of [ 31 ] Falklands War Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. [a100] - Pucara of FAA Grupo 4 reported lost over in the Atlantic on reconnaissance mission from Comodoro Rivadavia. The military dictatorship that governed the country at the time regarded the seizure of the Falklands as a political act to obtain a diplomatic bargaining position, and not as an act of war. "FMA IA-58 Pucará: Pampas Warrior". The IA 58 Pucará is of conventional, all-metal (mainly duralumin) construction. Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) / Fabrica Argentina de Aviones (FAdeA) / Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina SA - Argentina. MUSEUM ACCESSION NUMBER 83/A/1159, Latin American Flying 'Fortress': Argentina's IA 58 Pucará, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/FMA_IA_58_Pucará?oldid=4788216. Lt Jukic killed in the destroyed aircraft. Consequently they were taken by surprise when the British responded with a large-scale mobilization, and a task force to retake the islands. [30] In July 1995, during fierce fighting in the Northern Province, near Jaffna, Tamil Tiger rebels downed a Sri Lankan Air Force Pucará, the pilot was killed. Pucara Malvinas A-520 May 1982 - EA Calderon The stars of the conflict where the much loved C-130s and A-4 Skyhawks, followed by the Israeli IAI Daggers and the Super Etendard. By 1982, the FMA had delivered about 60 aircraft, and its versatility and ability to operate on unprepared runways made it a valuable weapon in the conflict with the United Kingdom. Far from being defeated, they had sophisticated radio direction finding equipment and a heavily armed Fuerza Aerea Argentina (Argentinian air force) equipped with Skyhawk A-4B/C attack bombers, as well as Mirage and Pucara aircraft. Consequently they were taken by surprise when the British responded with a large-scale mobilization, and a task force to retake the islands. 248–251. Aug 26, 2020 - Explore Ken McCormick's board "Pucara" on Pinterest. pp. Despite initiating the war, Argentina had not prepared a plan for the subsequent defence of the islands. Harrier Vs Pucara . Three Pucarás were destroyed and one of their pilots killed at Goose Green by cluster bombs dropped by 800 NAS Sea Harriers on 1 May 1982. The impressive-looking, two-seat IA-58 Pucara (meaning "Fortress") was produced by the Fabrica Militar de Aviones of Argentina. The chosen layout was a low-wing monoplane powered by two turboprop engines mounted in wing-mounted nacelles and fitted with a T-tail. Let’s have a look. , FAA), equipping the 2° Escuadron de Exploration y Ataque, part of the 3rd Air Brigade (Spanish language: III Brigada Aérea [5][8] Onboard armaments are aimed by a simple reflector sight. The military dictatorship that governed the country at the time regarded the seizure of the Falklands as a political act to obtain a diplomatic bargaining position, and not as an act of war. The Argentinian forces on the Falklands were buoyant. The impressive-looking, two-seat IA-58 Pucara (meaning "Fortress") was produced by the Fabrica Militar de Aviones of Argentina. The aircraft is powered by a pai… (Showcased performance values pertain to the, (Showcased armament details pertain to the, AX-2 "Delfin" - Prototype Model Designation. Settlement, undisturbed and in peace was a low-wing monoplane powered by two turboprop developing... By a simple reflector sight choose to depict is the Argentinean Air Force IA-58 Pucará serial A-556 next aircraft over... 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