"I humbly beseech thee, that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king," said that false Ziba to David, 2 Samuel 16:4; q.d. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. ", Psalms 4:1. When we are vilified, and derogated by others, as David here was, let us make God acquainted with our condition, by his example. With stringed instruments. It is summed up in the question, “Shall not the judge of all the earth do right?” The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. Or the expression may mean, The foundation, source, and author of my righteousness. Selah. (Calmet) --- Binginoth. Psalm 4: An Evening Song [or download in R TF format] Psalm 5: Pray about your Enemies [or download in R TF format] Psalm 6: David is very ill [or download in R TF format] Psalm 7: David and Cush [or download in R TF format] Psalm 8: The Sky at Night [or download in R TF format] In the last clause of the verse, he also shows whence he expected to obtain what he needed, namely, from the mercy of God. The Story of Psalm 4. It is said of Charles V, that he spent more words with God than with men. The psalmist warns against sin. God will surely be nearest unto his in their greatest straits; and because they have made him the God of their mountains, he will be the God of their valleys also. But I don’t think it does. 3 O L ord, o how many are my foes! I would like to thank the Pastor and all the leaders of Alpha for this opportunity to speak before you all today. You have set me at large when I was in distress. God answered David and made him very happy. Hence we learn that David honored God with this title of praise, in order the more readily to set him in contrast with the whole world. 4:36), and in other psalms attributed to him. Psalms 4:1 « To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT THE FOURTH PSALM IN SPURGEON'S DAY. We observe, III. A Psalm of David. Here he reviews his Ebenezers and takes comfort from them. --- In verses, in carminibus. The prayer indicates confidence in the power and the unchangeableness of God, and proves that it is right in our prayers to recall the former instances of the divine interposition, as an argument, or as a ground of hope that God would again interpose. David speaketh first to God, and then to men. Commentary on Psalms - Volume 1 by John Calvin. de Orat.). Or, O God of my mercy; which title is given to God elsewhere, as Psalms 59:10,17; whereas this title, O God of my righteousness, is not given to God in any other place of Scripture. ] Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 1 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This is a wisdom psalm, calling people to follow the path of righteousness to obtain the blessings that God confers on the righteous. Audio Commentary: Psalm 4 Psalm 4 1 Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. It may, however, be asked by way of objection, Since all the purity of men is mere pollution in the sight of God, how can the godly dare to bring forward their own righteousness before him? Lord, saith Nazianzen, I am an instrument for thee to touch. He appeals his righteous cause to God for judgment jointly with his prayer for help. ‘Have mercy on me.’ This is meant in the sense of ‘show your graciousness towards me’ (see Exodus 34:6). It is not on the ground of his own claim as a righteous man, but it is that, in this particular case, he was wrongfully persecuted; and he asks God to interpose, and to cause justice to be done. The chief musician; the master or director of the sacred musicians and music of the temple; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:31 15:16,17 25:1,2 2 Chronicles 20:21 34:12,13. In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. Psalm 104 goes so far as to name some of the tools used for the work of God’s world—tents, garments, beams, fire, ships (Ps. Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness] That is, O thou righteous Judge of my righteous cause, and of my good conscience. The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Thou hast enlarged.—Better, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. Psalm 102 Commentary by Brad Boyles “The Psalm has been attributed to Daniel, to Jeremiah, to Nehemiah, or to some of the other prophets who flourished during the time of the captivity. David prayeth for audience, Psalms 4:1. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary, Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Psalm 4:1 serves as the invocation. "Have mercy upon me." We therefore speak no better to men, because no more to God. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Psalms 4:1. A figure taken from an army enclosed in a defile, and hardly pressed by the surrounding enemy. For particulars, David was content to be at God’s disposal. Commentary on Psalm 4. Ps. Thou hast made room for me. He feels that the God who had done it in former troubles could do it again; and he asks him to repeat his mercy. And it becomes them to be so exercised under it as to turn away from all the enticements of the world, and to depend wholly upon God alone. O God of my righteousness — Or, my righteous God, the witness and defender of my righteous cause, and the person from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of it which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me with manifold injuries and calumnies. (Haydock) --- "Over the female musicians." God hath dashed down the rocks and given me room; he hath broken the barriers and set me in a large place. Thus the faithful are accustomed to call to their remembrance those things which tend to strengthen their faith. Isaiah also, fortified by the same confidence, (Isaiah 50:6 and following verse) despises all the slanders by which his enemies calumniated him. The author and judge of my righteousness. 4:36), and in other psalms attributed to him. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 15 INTRODUCTION: This psalm addresses a question that concerns all religious people. » Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. (Calmet) --- "To the chief of the singers on stringed instruments." This psalm is titled To the Chief Musician. Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. David really had rather have God’s love and favour than all this world’s good; and therefore so heartily beggeth it above anything. Of David. Psalm 124 – Thanking God for the Help Only He Can Bring. Psalm 30 7 Meaning; Psalm 31 Meaning; Psalm 32 Commentary; Psalm 33 Commentary. You have given me relief when I was in distress. So he urgeth God and strengtheneth his own faith with his former experiences. O men, how long shall my honor be turned into shame? NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: PSALM 4:1 1 Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! With stringed instruments. To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. But on the Third Sunday of Easter, it has a special job to do. 25:16; 69:16 I had rather have the king’s favour than Mephibosheth’s land. Or, O God of my mercy; which title is given to God elsewhere, as Psalm 59:10,17; whereas this title, O God of my righteousness, is not given to God in any other place of Scripture. Psalm 25:4-5; Isaiah 45:13). Psalms 4:1. Complete Concise David was a preacher, a royal preacher, as well as Solomon; many of his psalms are doctrinal and practical as well as devotional; the greatest part of this psalm is so, in which Wisdom cries to men, to the sons of men (as Prov. On Neginoth] i.e. Hebrews 1:7-8. Heb. (Challoner) --- Lamnetseach, from nitseach, "to push to an end," may signify (Haydock) to the end; and this sense is more noble than (Berthier) "To the precentor, or president." (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students: Commenting and Commentaries)Rosscup adds: This is one of the more thorough older exegetical … Absalom was one of King David's sons. See on Psalms 3. May we not without violence consider the prayer as the supplication of the God-man Christ Jesus? Psalm 4. 2. be gracious to me — BDB 335, KB 334, Qal imperative, cf. View Bible Text. But if there be any foundation for the idea, surely it is an interesting one, to take with us in our searching for him through the whole book of Psalms, from whence we know, as well as other parts of scripture, the Lord Jesus spake to his disciples concerning himself. A Psalm of David. God is righteous in Himself, but He also does what is right for His children, namely, come to their rescue when they are in need (cf. This psalm is thought to have been composed by David upon the same occasion with the former. Surely because he looked upon the favour of God as a complexive blessing, that perfectly comprehendeth all the rest; as manna is said to have had all good tastes in it. It is summed up in the question, “Shall not the judge of all the earth do right?” The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. The NASB, "Thou hast relieved me," is a better translation of the Hebrew perfect tense than the NIV, "Give me relief. People are troubled about many things, but God ‘puts gladness in our hearts.’. In Psalms 4:2 he expostulates with his enemies, and continues to address them to the end of Psalms 4:5 . (h) . Thou hast enlarged me’ in distress—Thou hast brought me into a roomy place when straitened. "Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress." Alas! Psa. The psalm begins with prayer. And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalm 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. Psalm 4 – Talking to God and Men. This is always a proper ground of appeal to God. Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! He who dares to face his Maker will not tremble before the sons of men. On Neginoth, that is, stringed instruments, as the kind of musical accompaniment. This Psalm is, for the matter or substance of it, much like the former, and seems to have been made upon the same or some other like occasion, when he was distressed either by Absalom, or by Saul, or by some other great and powerful enemies. But is there not even a higher sense to be put upon this verse? This psalm has a good deal in common with Proverbs 2:12-15, 20-22 and Jeremiah 17:5-13, both of which contrast the You have given me relief when I was in distress. The Septuagint read the word which we have rendered in our translation 'chief Musician Lamenetz, instead of Lamenetzoth; the meaning of which is unto the end. “The church, like David,” says Dr. Horne, and, we may add, every true member thereof, “calls aloud for God’s assistance; addresses him as the God of her righteousness, as the fountain of pardon and grace; reminds him of that spiritual liberty, and enlargement from bondage, which he hath purchased for her, and oftentimes wrought in her; and conscious of her demerit, makes her prayer for mercy.”, Unto the end. This was prophetically spoken. David slept in peace. What indeed can be more grateful to the Lord, than, by thus acting faith upon what the Lord will give, to tell him what he hath before bestowed upon us? David prayeth for audience. A psalm of David. 1. (Calmet). If so, is not this Psalm, and indeed all the Psalms that are so addressed to the chief Musician, directed to Jesus? I ask the question, let the Reader remember; I do not determine it. 1 (To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David.) A man may be sensible that in a particular case he has justice on his side, though he has a general conviction that he himself is a sinner; and he may pray to God to cause his enemies to do right, or to lead those whose office it is to decide the case, to do what ought to be done to vindicate his name, or to save him from wrong. That is, Pity me, and have compassion on me, as thou hast done in former times. (1) Hear me.—Better, In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. Because here is the root, everything else is the fruit, i.e., the result of one living close to God by living in His eternal, infallible, sure, true and tried Word. And the other part of the motive for redress is also very sweet and important. God of my righteousness = My righteous God. 104:1, 2, 3, 4, 26, respectively). Yet, this is the one quality which is of single importance. The distress of which he speaks, in my opinion, refers not less to the state of his mind than to circumstances of outward affliction; for David’s heart was not of such an iron mould as to prevent him from being cast into deeper mental anguish by adversity. The writer is grateful that when he was in distress God delivered him from it and set him ‘at large’. Ps 4:1-8. Other translations use words like "glorious," "majestic," and "to be admired" rather than "excellent" to express the feelings generated by meditating on how God is revealed by the heavens He created! Psalm 122:4 mentions that the pilgrims gathered in Jerusalem to give thanks. The manna shall fall every morning until we cross the Jordan. And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalms 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. аконников — дар божественной благодати. Hist. Alas! 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