Joe Clark has received honorary degrees from several institutions: Bold indicates parties with members elected to the House of Commons. He is a member of the Alberta Order of Excellence. The latter position saw him play a leading role in the drafting of the Charlottetown Accord, which was decisively rejected in a nationwide referendum and further hurt the standing of the PC party in polls. In 1993, he founded his own consulting firm, Joe Clark and Associates, Ltd., which he still heads. Former prime minister Joe Clark stands beside his official portrait following its unveiling on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on Tuesday May 27, 2008. Not to mention that there are long-standing ties between him and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Not to mention that there are long-standing ties between him and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. In 1979 the Progressive Conservatives won a plurality of seats in Parliament, and Clark became head of a minority government.  Clark sparred with future political rival Preston Manning in debate forums on campus between the Young PCs and the Youth League of the Alberta Social Credit Party.  Orchard unsuccessfully tried to block the merger and later joined the Liberal Party. Clark will travel to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt from March 2–9 seeking votes. This lasted until 2002, when Stephen Harper ousted Day as Alliance leader. , In March 2020, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau appointed Clark special envoy for Canada's bid for a UN Security Council seat. However, once in office, the 1979 budget he proposed was designed to curb inflation by slowing economic activity. ", List of books about Prime Ministers of Canada, Joe Clark – Parliament of Canada biography, Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons, Leaders of the Official Opposition in Canada, Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General, Ministers of National Defence for Naval Services, The referendum on the Charlottetown Accord, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joe_Clark&oldid=1001256038, Canadian Secretaries of State for External Affairs, Members of the Alberta Order of Excellence, Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Alberta, Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Nova Scotia, Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, BLP articles lacking sources from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, convincing Mulroney to recommend the appointment of, taking a strong stand against American intervention in, managing nonetheless to maintain extremely strong ties with the US, helping steer the, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 22:26. He also took on the difficult Constitution ministerial portfolio after the failure of the Meech Lake Accord, and vigorously pursued his task. Joe Clark, byname of Charles Joseph Clark, (born June 5, 1939, High River, Alberta, Canada), Canadian politician who served as prime minister of Canada from June 1979 to March 1980, the youngest person ever to win the post. Canada’s 16th Prime Minister, the Right Honourable Joe Clark is one of the most widely respected Canadians in history. Clark travelled to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt in an effort to seek votes for Canada. In Canada, the prime minister serves an important role as the Head of Parliament, the main decision-making body of government. Clark was widely trusted by Canadians, but this, in his own words, did not translate into more votes and additional seats. With many veteran Tories having been defeated in the 1968 election, the party effectively skipped a generation by selecting Clark as its new leader.. ", giving Clark a nickname that stuck for years. He gained leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party … The prime ministership of Joe Clark is one of the great “what-ifs?” of Canadian history. Lester B. Pearson (a future prime minister) defused the Suez Crisis and established the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces and as a result received the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize. In a set of moves worthy of a chess … Former Prime Minister Joe Clark is seen during a photo op in Ottawa on November 6, 2017. Clark began a one-week trip Monday as "special envoy" to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt to campaign for Canada's bid for a temporary two … LONDON — British Prime Minister Boris Johnson welcomed the start of a new U.K.-U.S. chapter on Wednesday under incoming U.S. President Joe Biden, even as his predecessor Theresa May accused Johnson of “abandoning” the U.K.’s moral leadership in the world during the tumultuous Trump era. …May 1979 Progressive Conservative leader. Mr Key, who was formerly at Merrill Lynch as a foreign exchange dealer, ended nine years of Labour Party rule in 2008 when he ousted Helen Clark as prime minister. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joe-Clark, The Canadian Encyclopedia - Biography of Joe Clark, Joe Clark - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Joe Clark - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Clark however decided that he would govern as if he had a majority, and refused to grant the small Socred official party status, form a coalition, or co-operate with the party in any way. It also did not help that the Progressive Conservatives lost a string of by-elections on May 24, 1977.  Difficult budgets and the economic recession resulted in Trudeau's approval ratings declining after the bounce from the 1982 Constitution patriation and showed his party headed for certain defeat by early 1984, prompting him to retire. Clark was the first Canadian politician to take a strong stand for decriminalization of marijuana in Canada, and for a guaranteed minimum income for everyone; both positions were characteristic of the Red Tories. Despite their personal differences, Clark ably served in Mulroney's cabinet as the Secretary of State for External Affairs, as the Minister of Foreign Affairs was known before 1993.  Compared to his predecessor as Prime Minister, Clark reportedly had a better relationship with US President Jimmy Carter, who phoned Clark to wish him luck in the upcoming 1980 election. At the same time, the party was still $10 million in debt from the 2000 election. May, who resigned in 2019 amid turmoil over Brexit, has been critical of … Some critics accused Clark of being more interested in helping the interests of his own party and own career than the Canadian conservative movement in general. They also made huge gains in Ontario, particularly in the Toronto suburbs. Others attacked Clark's goal of the PC party regaining its former power as unrealistic. Many delegates were offended by his expensive leadership campaign. Clark campaigned on the slogans, "Let's get Canada working again", and "It's time for a change—give the future a chance!".  This book was also published in a French translation. As a former prime minister, Clark is entitled to carry "The Right Honourable" designation for life. In addition to teaching classes at the American University in Washington, Clark has written several op-ed pieces for several of Canada's national newspapers since his retirement.  He criticized the new Conservative Party as an "Alliance take-over", and speculated that eastern Canada would not accept the new party or its more socially conservative policies against gay marriage and abortion. Later, Clark openly criticized the new Conservative Party in the run-up to the 2004 election. He was honoured as Commandeur de l'Ordre de la Pleiade from La Francophonie. . Joe Clark was sworn in as the youngest prime minister ever. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today's national leaders. He served as Distinguished Statesman in Residence, School of International Service, and Senior Fellow, Center for North American Studies, both at the American University, Washington, D.C. About us 2012. During the Harper government reign there was a 1.1% increase in job growth, and this was during … Clark chose the following jurist to be appointed as a justice of the Supreme Court of Canada by the Governor General: Trudeau commented in his memoirs, published in 1993, that Clark was much more tough and aggressive than past Tory leader Robert Stanfield, noting that those qualities served Clark well in his party winning the 1979 election victory. Joe Clark, Canada’s 16th prime minister, is one of seven Canadian PMs who have planted ceremonial trees over the years at the Kingston home of Arthur Milnes and Alison Bogle.  When Mulroney took over the reins of the Progressive Conservatives, Trudeau's Liberals attacked them with the slogan "Bring back Joe! The oldest person ever to serve as Prime Minister was John A. Macdonald, who was still in office when he died at the age of 76 years, 146 days. In his final mandate, Jean Chrétien repeatedly referred to Clark as the Leader of the Opposition (Clark was not), much to the chagrin of the Canadian Alliance politicians who occupied the Opposition Leader's chair during the same period. A November Gallup poll published eight days before the December 11 budget reported that their popularity was down from 36% during the summer to 28%, with the party 19 points behind the Liberals, giving the latter the popular support to initiate the non-confidence motion. Several candidates agreed to an "ABC" (Anybody But Clark) strategy for the convention and when news of that back-room deal broke out, support was expected to rally around the party's embattled leader. He later worked one summer at the Edmonton Journal where he met his future biographer, David L. ". History recounts Robert Stanfield as the best prime minister Canada never had, but Joe Clark could give the man a run for his money. Joe Clark, 80, served as the 16th prime minister of Canada between 1979 and 1980. Liberals Return to Power . Former PM Joe Clark has been appointed as the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for Canada’s bid for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council. One famous incident involved a 1987 official dinner held for Prince Charles at Rideau Hall. There were frequent rumors that several potential challengers were covertly undermining Clark's leadership; though in 1982 Brian Mulroney appeared at a press conference with Clark to say that he was not seeking the leadership of the PC party. He competed with the University of Alberta Debate Society. OTTAWA — Former prime minister and foreign minister Joe Clark faces a tough slog during his travels to the Persian Gulf and Africa to campaign for Canada's bid for the United Nations Security Council, analysts said Monday. “How We Lead” by Joe Clark is a decent read. Charles Joseph Clark PC CC AOE (born June 5, 1939) is a Canadian statesman, businessman, writer, and politician who served as the 16th prime minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980. , He published the book How We Lead: Canada in a Century of Change in 2013. As a result, the subamendment passed on a 139–133 margin. , Clark, despite being perceived by many people as something of a square, showed biting wit at times while in Opposition. March 03, 1980. However, the Progressive Conservatives had misjudged the electorate, since they had not commissioned any polls since August. He entered politics at age 28 but was unsuccessful as candidate for the provincial Progressive Conservatives in the 1967 provincial election.  Initially, it seemed unlikely that a man who was the source of so much mockery could ever hope to compete against the confident and intellectual Pierre Trudeau. However, he wanted a merger on his terms. The Liberals lost 27 seats, including several high-profile cabinet ministers, and Trudeau announced his intention to step down as party leader. . Trudeau Sworn In Again. Trudeau had put off asking the Canadian Governor General to call an election as long as possible, in the hope that his party could recover popular support but it backfired, as there was growing public antipathy towards his perceived arrogance. In picking his cabinet, Joe Clark revealed what had only been hinted at before: that he might just fool us all and become a shrewd prime minister unintimi-dated by tradition—a pragmatist who stops just this side of opportunism. Forty years ago, Joe Clark and Pierre Trudeau were trading spaces. He was 82. A public inquiry on these matters, and on other business dealings between Mulroney and Schreiber, was called for early 2008 by Prime Minister Stephen Harper. In 1967 he directed the campaign organization that brought Peter Lougheed to power as premier of Alberta, and from 1967 to 1970 he served as executive assistant to Robert Stanfield, then the Conservative leader in the House of Commons.  However, Clark was judged by audiences to be the best speaker during the 2000 election debates. MME Limited . Jock Osler, a former journalist, radio personality and press secretary under Prime Minister Joe Clark, has died at 83. Clark’s death was announced by his family, who said he died on Tuesday after a long illness.. Clark was the principal of Eastside High School in Paterson, N.J. from 1983 to 1989. His talent for negotiation and consensus diplomacy has served him well in politics and as Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in Cyprus. Even before the budget, the government was criticized for its perceived inexperience, such as in its handling of its campaign commitment to move Canada's embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Clark's Tories campaigned under the slogan, "Real change deserves a fair chance", but the broken promises were still fresh in voters' minds. Clark later served as the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. Clark served in Mulroney’s government as secretary of state for external affairs (1984–91) and president of the Queen’s Privy Council (1991–93). Joe Clark nabbed the all-around win for his time in office (which, notably, was nine months long so keep that in mind), seeing job growth in Canada rise by 3.7%. Prime Minister of Canada: 1979-80 Birth: June 5, 1939, in High River, Alberta UN. Clark's campaign countered this by trying to polarize the election between right wingers and a centrist who had been able to win before. Clark again became active in student politics, serving as president of the Progressive Conservative Youth wing for two terms. Joe Clark hits the campaign trail Conservative Joe Clark campaigns in Toronto in the 1979 election. Clark continually promoted the idea that the PCs would eventually retake Ontario and form a federal government again. One of the two, Inky Mark, eventually joined the PCs. Turner himself seemed out of date and out of touch. Taking office the day before his 40th birthday, Clark is the youngest person to become Prime Minister. Omissions? Clark urged his supporters to leave the convention united behind Mulroney, and agreed to serve under him. ), Clark immediately nominated to keep his leader's post, and retained support from most of the Red Tories and other party members who were opposed to the public attacks on his leadership by others in the party. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with heads of government on governance-related issues of concern to them. Humphreys. University of California, Berkeley Canadian Studies Program. Canada was the only G7 nation to take such a resolute stance against the apartheid regime during the 1980s. The Liberal Party had regained national prominence by leading the "No" side to victory in the 1980 Quebec referendum and the Constitution patriation. An ISO 9001:2018 Certified Public Limited Company. Laimdota Straujuma, Prime Minister of Latvia (2014-2016) Laura Chinchilla Miranda, President of Costa Rica (2010-2014) Mari Kiviniemi, Prime Minister of Finland (2010-2011) Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca, President of Malta (2014-2019) Mary Robinson, President of Ireland (1990-1997) Paula Cox, Premier of Bermuda (2010-2012) Clark. , In a rematch of the 1976 convention, Mulroney emerged as the main challenger, gaining the support of the party's right wing, which viewed Clark as too progressive and opposed his continued leadership. Over the course of his long career, he has become one of the most highly regarded ambassadors of Canadian values throughout the international community. He gave a tepid endorsement to the Liberal Party in the 2004 election, calling Paul Martin "the devil we know". Clark was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada on October 19, 1994. He got his chance in 2001, when several dissident Alliance MPs, the most prominent one being Alliance deputy leader and party matriarch Deborah Grey, left the Alliance caucus. Learn how and when to remove this template message, leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party, University of British Columbia Faculty of Law, President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Quebec's constitutional status within Canada, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Centre for International Governance Innovation, 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal, "The Access to Information Act: 10 years on – The Information Commissioner of Canada, 1994", "House of Commons Journals, 31st Parliament, 1st Session", "Terrorism and Multiculturalism in the West", http://canada.berkeley.edu/CAN%20history%20pamphlet%20continuous%20text.pdf#page=3, "David Orchard spouts anti-U.S. rhetoric and racists sentiments", "Joe Clark says he'd choose Martin over Harper", "IBG – Joe Clark, The Centre for International Governance Innovation", "Trudeau appoints former PM Joe Clark as special envoy for Canada's bid for UN Security Council seat", "Order of Canada – Charles Joseph Clark, P.C., C.C., A.O.E., M.A., LL.D. , Clark's government would last a total of nine months less a day. At the time of his retirement, polls showed that he was in fact the single most trusted political personality in Canada.  The Liberals supported the NDP subamendment. He also served briefly (1993) as United Nations special representative to Cyprus. Trudeau told his friends that the Tories had chosen the wrong man. The youngest person to become Prime Minister was Joe Clark, who took office one day before his 40th birthday. For example, in the lead-up to the 1979 election, the bulk of Clark's riding was merged into the newly created riding of Bow River during a redistribution of ridings. Updates? In 2006 Clark became a professor at the Centre for Developing-Area Studies at McGill University.  In May 2003, the party finally overtook the New Democratic Party as the fourth-largest party in the House of Commons, after by-election wins in Newfoundland and Labrador and Ontario.  Skinny and tall, he became a frequent target for editorial cartoonists, who delighted in portraying him as a sort of walking candy apple, with an enormous head and floppy dog-like ears; cartoonist Andy Donato typically drew Clark with mittens on strings hanging from his suit sleeves. It was widely seen as being the failure of the Charlottetown and prior Meech Lake accords that had caused it to be so close. Within days the minority Conservative government was unseated; the legislation died on the order paper. Clark sustained a bloody nose but was not seriously hurt. The DRC quickly entered a coalition with the Progressive Conservatives. Clark had always encouraged MacKay to keep Orchard and his followers within the PC camp. Clark encountered another future rival when he met Brian Mulroney at a national Young PCs meeting in 1958. After leaving Dalhousie, he unsuccessfully pursued first-year law studies at the University of British Columbia Faculty of Law in Vancouver. Trudeau became prime minister again. The party lost seats to the Liberals, though it managed to hang onto the minimum 12 seats necessary to be recognized in the House of Commons as an official party and therefore qualify for research funding, committee memberships, and minimum speaking privileges. He has earned the admiration of all Canadians as one of our country's most respected statesmen. Clark was unable to accomplish much in office because of the tenuous situation of his minority government. Despite his relative inexperience, Clark rose quickly in federal politics, entering the House of Commons in the 1972 election and winning the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party in 1976. After leading the party to a modest resurgence in the 1997 election, winning 20 seats, Charest bowed to tremendous public pressure and left federal politics to become leader of the Quebec Liberal Party (unaffiliated with the federal Liberals). Clark has also served on the boards of directors or advisory boards of several Canadian companies. He lec… However, he faced a difficult task, with critics and opponents attacking him and the PC Party as a "vote for the past". He was elected by a teleconference of PC members from around the country in which each of the party's riding associations was allocated 100 points. The NDP won 32. Many of his supporters have suggested his actions helped sustain the relevance of the weakened Progressive Conservative Party during some of its toughest years when its national alternative status was seriously challenged by the prairie populism of Preston Manning and the Reform Party of Canada and the social conservatism of Stockwell Day and the Canadian Alliance. Indeed, Chrétien and Clark had been fellow parliamentarians since the 1970s and they shared a mutual respect despite sitting on opposite benches. Clark will travel to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt from March 2–9 seeking votes. Born in Alberta, Clark became a member of the Progressive Conservative Party while in college, and sought a career in politics from a young … By late 1982, Joe Clark's leadership of the Progressive Conservatives was being questioned in many party circles and among many Tory members of Parliament, despite his solid national lead over Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in opinion polls, which stretched to 19 percent in summer 1982.  Trudeau swept the Liberals back into power in the February 1980 election with 147 seats, against 103 for the Progressive Conservatives.  Other party members felt that the federal Liberal Party's stranglehold on Quebec seats (they held all but one of the province's 75 seats) could only be broken by a native from that province, which gave Mulroney considerable support. Corrections? On December 8, 2003, the day that the PC Party and the Canadian Alliance were dissolved and the new Conservative Party of Canada registered, Clark was one of three MPs—the other two were André Bachand and John Herron—to announce that they would not join the new caucus. This article is the Electoral history of Joe Clark, the sixteenth Prime Minister of Canada. In 1998 Clark was again elected leader of the Progressive Conservatives, and in 2000 he won a seat in the House of Commons.  The public now has the legal right of access to government records in some 150 federal departments and agencies.. February 18, 1980. ", taking aim at how the Tories had replaced their proven leader with an unknown. Fellow Tory MP Stanley Schumacher had much of his old riding of Palliser merged into Bow River as well. They met when Clark hired her to work in his parliamentary office; McTeer had been a political organizer herself since her early teens. Clark sat on the International Advisory Board of Governors of the Centre for International Governance Innovation, before 2012. His tenure was brief as he only won a minority government, and it was defeated on a motion of non-confidence. . A depression is when you lose your job. By late 1982, Joe Clark's leadership of the Progressive Conservatives was being questioned in many party circles and among many Tory members of Parliament, despite his solid national lead over Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in opinion polls, which stretched to 19 percent in summer 1982. Charles Joseph Clark was born in High River, Alberta, the son of Grace Roselyn (née Welch) and local newspaper publisher Charles A. The no-confidence vote loss was partially welcomed by Clark and the Tories. The Progressive Conservatives won the popular vote in seven provinces. The Access to Information Act received royal assent in July 1982 and came into force in July 1983. 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