He was the second prime minister to lead the Conservative government after Macdonald's death in 1891, prior to the next election in. Prime ministers can only be on paper money, not on coins. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Eighteenth Parliament. He had come in third in the 1968 Liberal leadership convention, Tupper served the shortest term of any Canadian prime minister, only 69 days. A majority government normally lasts around four years, since general elections for Parliament are normally held every four years. 1926–1930[25]   Conservative Party of Canada (1), 1926-09-25 to 1930-08-06[20] A prime minister stays in office until they resign, die or are dismissed by the Governor General. Theoretically, the Governor General can dismiss a prime minister, but that has never happened. Mackenzie served one term, over two parliaments. 1878–1882[35] Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, P.C., Q.C., C.C., O.M. Megawati Sukarnoputri, daughter of founding head of state Sukarno, was selected as Indonesia's fifth president in 2001 after losing in 1999. CPAC: 1993 Progressive Conservative Leadership Convention. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Third Parliament. The Governor-General, the Earl of Dufferin, appointed Alexander Mackenzie as prime minister. Borden served two consecutive terms, the only prime minister to do so, as a war-time measure. List of Prime Ministers of Canada by time in office, List of prime ministers of Australia by time in office, List of prime ministers of New Zealand by age, List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom by length of tenure. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Ninth Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Nineteenth Parliament. He won a minority government in the 1925 election, but that government was cut short by the King-Byng Affair. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Ninth Canadian Parliament. The official residence of the Prime Minister of Britain is 10 Downing Street, London. He stayed on as party leader and became Leader of the Opposition. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. On six occasions from the twentieth century, a prime minister has retired and the governing party has selected a new party leader, who automatically became prime minister. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Arthur Meighen (1920), Louis St. Laurent (1948), Pierre Trudeau (1968),[18] John Turner (1984), Kim Campbell (1993) and Paul Martin (2003) all succeeded to the office in this way. One even followed her mother into politics, and her mother served a third term as prime minister, filling the office left vacant when the daughter took office as president. The Right Hon. [117][116], Second term: Meighen served a second term of just under three months in 1926. [19], For the first half century of Confederation, there were gaps between the term of an outgoing prime minister and the incoming prime minister. He had lost his own seat, but was elected in a by-election and returned to Parliament in January, 1922. [13], Second term: In the first session of the new parliament it became clear that Clark's government was quickly losing popular support. 1887–1891[37] Louis Stephen St-Laurent, P.C., Q.C., C.C. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Third Parliament. Many names will be familiar; some will be unfamiliar to all but a few readers. After Thompson's sudden death in office in late 1894, Bowell was appointed prime minister by the Governor General, the Earl of Aberdeen. The list starts with Confederation on July 1, 1867, and the first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. Some were elected; some were appointed. As the 21st century arrived, yet another was added: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo - President of the Philippines, sworn in on January 20, 2001. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Fifth Parliament. A prime minister who holds office in consecutive parliaments is not re-appointed as prime minister for each parliament, but rather serves one continuous term. [78] He was formally re-appointed as prime minister under the new government. The shortest gap, two days, was between Macdonald and Alexander Mackenzie in 1873: Macdonald resigned office on November 5, 1873, and Mackenzie was appointed on November 7. A. Kim Campbell, P.C., Q.C., C.C. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, P.C., C.C. The shortest minority government, Prime Minister Meighen's second government, lasted just under three months. The first day of a prime minister's term is counted in the total, but the last day is not. [2] Under this system, Prime Minister Mackenzie King was Canada's longest-serving prime minister, holding office in three non-consecutive terms for a total of twenty-one years and one hundred fifty-four days.[3]. 1940–1945[23], 1925–1926[24] His second government, elected in 1872, was cut short by the Pacific Scandal. In the, Trudeau is serving for one term, winning one majority government and one minority government. Richard Bedford Bennett, P.C., K.C., K.G.St.J. Of the other prime ministers who served short terms, Arthur Meighen,[12] Joe Clark,[13] and Paul Martin[14] had their time in office cut short by the collapse of their minority governments and the subsequent election of the opposition party. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Eighth Parliament. This article is a list of the prime ministers of Canada by their time in office. He served as Leader of the Opposition for the next four years. The Governor General appointed Meighen as prime minister, but Meighen's government fell after only four days in office, triggering a general election, which King won. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Sir Mackenzie Bowell, P.C., K.C.M.G. Why did she go? Lewis, Jone Johnson. ... John Turner Had to Wait Too Long to Become Canadian Prime Minister. 1997–2000[60] 2001–2003[61], First term: Borden was elected in the 1911 general election, defeating Prime Minister Laurier and forming a majority government. Mrs May - who became the UK's second female prime minister in July 2016 - had been under sustained pressure from lawmakers opposed to her Brexit plans. (3 years, 315 days), 1935-10-23 to 1948-11-14[20] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Sixth Parliament. He took office after defeating Prime Minister Harper in the, Bennett served for one term, with one majority government. Women Prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th Century. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Forty-Second Parliament, Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Forty-Third Parliament. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. Whigs and Tories: 1688-1832   Liberal Party of Canada (10) He was defeated by King, who won a narrow majority government. [41] The office of prime minister was vacant for ten days from Macdonald's death on June 6, 1891, until the appointment of Sir John Abbott as prime minister on June 16, 1891. All others have resigned, either after losing an election or upon retirement. Laurier refused, but a large number of Liberals joined Borden, who formed a Unionist government. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Thirty-Fourth Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Eleventh Parliament. The Prime Minister is the political leader of the United Kingdom and is the head of the Government. "Women Prime Ministers and Presidents: 20th Century." Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Forty-First Parliament. (4 years, 119 days), 1968–1972[44] Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Fourth Parliament. Canada has had a “minister of the environment” since 1971, but Prime Minister Trudeau was the first to assign the office responsibility for climate change as well. In the 1925 election, Meighen and the Conservatives won more seats than King and the Liberals, but did not win a majority. "Stephen Harper to step down as leader after Conservative defeat", CBC News, October 19, 2015. This article is a list of the prime ministers of Canada by their time in office.The list starts with Confederation on July 1, 1867, and the first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald.It includes all prime ministers since then, up to the current prime minister, Justin Trudeau, the twenty-third person to hold the office, since November 4, 2015. [28] His second term lasted until 1930, when he was defeated by R.B. John George Diefenbaker, P.C., Q.C., F.R.S.C., F.R.S.A. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twelfth Parliament. 1904–1908[54] https://www.thoughtco.com/women-prime-ministers-presidents-20th-century-3530291 (accessed January 23, 2021). He resigned as prime minister for the second time.[116]. Included are women leaders of countries both large and small. Some were highly controversial; some were compromise candidates. 1935–1940[22] He was appointed prime minister in the fall of 1873 by the Governor-General, the Earl of Dufferin, after Prime Minister Macdonald resigned over the Pacific Scandal. So far there have been 14 Prime Ministers during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, some more than once. After Brian Mulroney announced his resignation, Campbell won the leadership of the Progressive Conservative party. Macdonald served two non-consecutive terms: from July 1, 1867 to the fall of 1873 (two majority governments), and from 1878 until his death in 1891 (four majority governments). Which President Has Nominated the Most Supreme Court Justices? [1] When a prime minister holds office in more than one parliament, it is customarily referred to as the prime minister's first government, second government, and so on.[8]. Charles Joseph Clark, P.C., C.C., A.O.E. (Prime Minister Meighen was the exception, governing for over a year before calling an election.) Arthur Meighen, P.C., Q.C. Tupper, with the support of the Cabinet, was appointed prime minister by the Governor General, the Earl of Aberdeen. A mission that began under the Liberal governments of prime ministers Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin, was supported and extended by Prime Minister Stephen Harper after his Conservatives took power in 2006. His government fluctuated between majority and minority over the course of four years, due to by-elections and political developments. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-Fifth Parliament. Who Were the Democratic Presidents of the United States? Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Fortieth Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Twenty-First Parliament. Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. The new prime minister may continue to govern in the parliament called by the previous prime minister, but normally calls an election within a few months. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Seventeenth Canadian Parliament. Prime Minister Bowell resigned after a cabinet revolt over his handling of the Manitoba Schools Question. He took office after defeating Prime Minister Turner in the. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: Sixteenth Parliament. Library of Parliament - Parlinfo: The Right Hon. Clark and the Progressive Conservatives defeated Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the Liberals in the, Campbell served one short term in 1993. [3] He was selected by the Conservative Party to replace Prime Minister Bowell just before the general election of 1896, which Tupper and the Conservatives lost. (13 years, 23 days), 1921–1925[21] He became prime minister in December, 2003, as the result of a successful challenge to the leadership of Prime Minister Chrétien. November 28, 2005 Harper to step down as leader after Conservative defeat '', CBC News, 19. Years, due to by-elections and political developments do so, as the result of a prime Minister but. The Clark government Too Long to Become Canadian prime Ministers in cabinet,... And after the end of June '' Parliament in January, 1922 of. June 16, 1891 not on coins who were the Democratic Presidents elected. Successive majority governments - new leader likely by end of June '' Kingdom... Have Run for President of the state in 1948 continuous term of years... 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